Cyrus, King of Persia, as representative of Joseph
Biblical Locations of the Lost Ten Tribes
Â Scriptural ProofÂ
Â The Joseph AspectÂ
Â by Yair DavidiyÂ
Â Biblical EvidenceÂ
1. Messiah son of Joseph
2. Was Cyrus an Israelite?
3. Historical Prototypes
4. Rabbi Eliyahu of Vilna
5. President Truman
a) Extract 1. David Koppel: Religious Fright
b) Extract 2 .Â Michael Polowetzky, Jerusalem Recovered. Conclusion: The Verdict of History"
6. ISAIAH The verses in Isaiah concerning Cyrus
7. Conclusion: Only Brit-Am Nations Fit the Biblical Criteria of Joseph
1. Messiah son of Joseph
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â God says that HE will send HIS messenger before HIM to prepare the way and rebuild the Temple (Malachi 3:1).Â Rav Saadia Gaon (b. ca. 890 CE) and Iben Ezra (1080-1164 CE) said that the MESSENGER is the Messiah son of Joseph. The Messiah son of Joseph, according to the Malbim (1809-1879) and others will be the future head of the Lost Ten Tribes when they return to re-unite with Judah.
2. Was Cyrus an Israelite?
Cyrus was the ruler of Persia. He belonged to the Pasargadae who were a small clan that had gained control of Persia. One explanation of the name Pasargadae is "Pasar-Gadae" which in the Aramaic dialect of that time meant "Sons-of-Gad" (Le Comte de Gobineau. "Histoire Des Perses", Paris 1869). Groups from the Israelite tribe of Gad were scattered through Persia as well as being prominent amongst the Gutae (Goths) who at that stages were on the northern borders of Persia, as explained from Ancient Sources in "The Tribes". It is therefore more than likely that the Pasargadae were at least in part originally descended from Gad (Pasar-Gadae). Cyrus may well ahve been of Israelite descent. Another legend claims that Cyrus was the son of Queen Esther and King Ahaseurus.
3. Historical Prototypes
Isaiah in chapters 43, 44, and 45 spoke of Cyrus and of Israel and of Cush, Egypt, and Saba. It is often conventionally accepted to assume that on the whole the entire section is referring to Cyrus. This is not so. The verses may be applicable to a degree to Cyrus but he was not the primary motif intended. We have shown (Biblical Proofs Nos. 31, 32, 33: Egypt, Africa, and India) that the verses connected with Cyrus are referring to a future age in the end times concerning the Lost Ten Tribes. Isaiah used the figure of Cyrus as a prototype. Cyrus represents the Messiah son of Joseph who will precede and whose time will overlap with that of the Messiah son of David. The Messiah son of Joseph will lead the Lost Ten Tribes in the Latter Days. He will also come to fulfill and epitomize a process that will have already been started by those who preceded him. Just as Napoleon brought to their highest expression ambitions that had been nurtured by the French Monarchy and then released by the French Revolution so too will the Messiah son of Joseph represent a culmination of tendencies, emotions, and spiritual energies that will have begun before his time.
BY EXAMINING WHICH NATIONAL GROUPINGS HAVE BEGUN TO FULFILL AND GIVE EXPRESSION TO CHARACTERISTICS ASSOCIATED WITH THE MESSIAH SON OF JOSEPH WE MAY FURTHER DISCERN IN WHAT AREAS THE LOST TEN TRIBES WILL BE AT THE END TIMES. Isaiah switched from Cyrus to Israel in the same verses as may be seen in the text, in the Hebrew original, and according to the explanation of the sages.
4. Rabbi Eliyahu of Vilna
The historical Cyrus in Isaiah serves as a figure representing the Messiah son of Joseph and the Ten Tribes in general. This explanation is born out from a work written more than 200 years ago recording the opinion of Eliyahu of Vilna who is considered one of the greatest Rabbinical sages who ever lived.
The Messiah son of Joseph was linked with Ephraim and with Cyrus in the work, Kol HaTor (Voice of the Turtle Dove) based on the sayings of Eliyahu of Vilna, 1.8.3:
Â [Isaiah 60:22]Â This speaks of Ephraim meaning the Messiah son of Joseph,
Â A LITTLE ONE SHALL BECOME A THOUSAND, AND A SMALL ONE A STRONG NATION: I THE LORD WILL HASTEN IT IN HIS TIME.
[Isaiah 44:28]Cyrus has the task of the Messiah son of Joseph.
Â [THAT SAITH OF CYRUS, HE IS MY SHEPHERD, AND] he SHALL PERFORM ALL MY PLEASURE.
See also Kol HaTor 2.130 where it says that Cyrus is Under the command of the Messiah son of Joseph and 3.12 where it says that Cyrus was a prototype for the Messiah son of Joseph.
[For an english translation of Kol HaTor see:
5. President Truman
President Truman supported the establishment of the State of Israel and identified himself with Cyrus. He represented the forces of Joseph in the End Times.
a) Extract 1.
David Koppel: Religious Fright
In the latest issue of Books & Culture, a Christian book review monthly, Gerald McDermott details the role of Truman's Southern Baptist faith in his Israel policy. While mainline Protestants (with some important exceptions,Â such as Schlesinger's friend Reinhold Niebuhr) tended to disparage Zionist hopes for a Jewish state, religious conservatives (a group that included people like Truman who were not necessarily political conservatives) rejoiced in Zionist aspirations as the fulfillment of prophecy and the just restoration of the Jewish homeland which God had promised the Jews by sacred covenant. Only hours after the declaration of the State of Israel, President Truman overrode the objections of the State Department and the War Department, and made the United States the first nation to grant recognition to Israel. Truman used American clout to convince the U.N. to recognize Israel, too. When ceasefire lines were being drawn after the failed Arab war to exterminate the Jews, Truman insisted that Israel have the Negev, which more than doubled Israel's territory. Israelis believed that without Truman they would not have survived. As recounted in the Second Book of Chronicles, in the 6th century B.C. the Jewish kingdom was conquered by the Babylonian Empire, the Temple was destroyed, and the Jews were carried into Babylonian captivity. Half a century later, the Babylonian Empire was overthrown by the Persian Empire of Cyrus the Great. Cyrus allowed the Jews to return to their holy land:
In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the LORD spoken by Isaiah, the LORD moved the heart of Cyrus king of Persia to make a proclamation throughout his realm and to put it in writing: "This is what Cyrus king of Persia says: 'The LORD , the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and he has appointed me to build a temple for him at Jerusalem in Judah. Anyone of his people among you may the LORD his God be with him, and let him go up.'" Paul Charles Merkley's book, The Politics of Christian Zionism: 1891-1948, describes a meeting in 1949, at the end of Truman's presidency, between Truman and the chief rabbi of Israel:Â The rabbi went on to assert: "God put you in your mother's womb so you would be the instrument to bring about Israel's rebirth after two thousand years." We are told by a witness that, "On hearing these words, Truman rose from his chair and, with great emotion, tears glistening in his eyes, he turned to the Chief Rabbi and asked him if his actions for the sake of the Jewish people were indeed to be interpreted thus and the hand of the Almighty was in the matter."Â A few months later, retired President Truman was honored at the Jewish Theological Seminary. One of Truman's friends introduced him to the professors as "the man who helped create the State of Israel."
Truman said, "What do you mean 'helped to create'? I am Cyrus. I am Cyrus."
b) Extract 2.
"Conclusion: The Verdict of History"
Polowetzky, Michael,Â Jerusalem recovered : Victorian intellectuals and the birth of Modern Zionism, Westport (Conn.): Praeger, 1995, Moshe Davis has left us record of a visit which Harry Truman made a few months after the end of his Presidency to the Jewish Theological Seminary, together with Truman's friend, Eddie Jacobson. Jacobson introduced Harry Truman to the professors: 'This is the man who helped create the State of Israel', but Truman corrected him: 'What do you mean "helped to create"? I am Cyrus. I am Cyrus.' It seems that the analogy to Cyrus had already been suggested to President Truman by the Chief Rabbi of Israel, Isaac Halevi Herzog, on the occasion of a visit to him in the White House early in 1949. The rabbi went on to assert: 'God put you in your mother's womb so you would be the instrument to bring about Israel's rebirth after two thousand years.' We are told by a witness that, 'On hearing these words, Truman rose from his chair and, with great emotion, tears glistening in his eyes, he turned to the Chief Rabbi and asked him if his actions for the sake of the Jewish people were indeed to be interpreted thus and the hand of the Almighty was in the matter'.
These words of Truman's - 'I am Cyrus' - were uttered neither casually nor ironically. We must take them with the fullest seriousness, and when we do, we will have the key to understanding Truman's constant pro-Zionism.
Harry Truman frequently turned over the name of 'Cyrus the Great' as he rehearsed the names of the 'Great Men of History'- a mental exercise which he performed regularly, as a concert pianist performs scales. The American democratic process, he knew, had put him in the place where Cyrus redivivus was expected. His awareness of all this is what explains the consistency of his refusal to allow himself to be worn down by the emotional and sometimes brutal arguments of the Zionists, fully as much as it explains his serenity in the face of the arguments from anti-Zionist Jews, the pro-Arab blandishments coming from the State Department, the 'realistic' military judgments coming from George Marshall and George Kennan, and the economic-geopolitical arguments of James Forrestal. To doubt his personal fitness for this great role would have been the same as to doubt the fitness of the American political system which had put him in place. To set his own name at the end of that long catalogue of the Great Men (in which Cyrus always figured) was not, he believed, an act of vanity, but a requirement of fidelity to received religion and to his own self-confidence as a student of history.
Isaiah 43;1:6. ISAIAH
BUT NOW SO SAYS THE LORD THAT CREATED YOU, O JACOB, AND HE
THAT FORMED YOU, O ISRAEL, FEAR NOT; FOR I HAVE REDEEMED YOU, I HAVE CALLED
YOU BY YOUR NAME; YOU ARE MINE.
The verses in Isaiah concerning Cyrus
[Isaiah 44:28]This concerns the rebuilding of Jerusalem and of the Temple.
THAT SAITH OF CYRUS, HE IS MY SHEPHERD, AND SHALL PERFORM
ALL MY PLEASURE: EVEN SAYING TO JERUSALEM, THOU SHALT BE BUILT; AND TO THE
TEMPLE, THY FOUNDATION SHALL BE LAID.
Â [Isaiah 43:27]They will return and reclaim their heritance and acknowledge their Israelite descent.
THY FIRST FATHER HATH SINNED, AND THY TEACHERS HAVE TRANSGRESSED AGAINST ME.
THEREFORE I HAVE PROFANED THE PRINCES OF THE SANCTUARY, AND
HAVE GIVEN JACOB TO THE CURSE, AND ISRAEL TO REPROACHES.
Â [Isaiah 44:1]
Â YET NOW HEAR, O JACOB MY SERVANT; AND ISRAEL, WHOM I HAVE CHOSEN:
Â [Isaiah 44:2]
THUS SAITH THE LORD THAT MADE THEE, AND FORMED THEE FROM
THE WOMB, WHICH WILL HELP THEE; FEAR NOT, O JACOB, MY SERVANT; AND THOU,
JESURUN, WHOM I HAVE CHOSEN.
Â [Isaiah 44:3]
FOR I WILL POUR WATER UPON HIM THAT IS THIRSTY, AND FLOODS
UPON THE DRY GROUND: I WILL POUR MY SPIRIT UPON THY SEED, AND MY BLESSING UPON THINE OFFSPRING:
AND THEY SHALL SPRING UP AS AMONG THE GRASS, AS WILLOWS BY THE WATER COURSES.
Â [Isaiah 44:5]
ONE SHALL SAY, I AM THE LORD'S; AND ANOTHER SHALL CALL HIMSELF BY THE NAME OF JACOB; AND ANOTHER SHALL SUBSCRIBE WITH HIS HAND UNTO THE LORD, AND SURNAME HIMSELF BY THE NAME OF ISRAEL.
Â [Isaiah 44:6]Isaiah (44:9-20 ) continues to condemn the practice of idolatry.
THUS SAITH THE LORD THE KING OF ISRAEL, AND HIS REDEEMER THE LORD OF HOSTS; I AM THE FIRST, AND I AM THE LAST; AND BESIDE ME THERE IS NO GOD.
Â [Isaiah 44:7]
AND WHO, AS I, SHALL CALL, AND SHALL DECLARE IT, AND SET IT IN ORDER FOR ME, SINCE I APPOINTED THE ANCIENT PEOPLE? AND THE THINGS THAT ARE COMING, AND SHALL COME, LET THEM SHEW UNTO THEM.
Â [Isaiah 44:8]
FEAR YE NOT, NEITHER BE AFRAID: HAVE NOT I TOLD THEE FROM THAT TIME, AND HAVE DECLARED IT? YE ARE EVEN MY WITNESSES. IS THERE A GOD BESIDE ME? YEA, THERE IS NO GOD; I KNOW NOT ANY.
[Isaiah 44:21]Isaiah (44:22-25 ) speaks of the forgiveness of the sins of Israel.
REMEMBER THESE, O JACOB AND ISRAEL; FOR THOU ART MY SERVANT: I HAVE FORMED THEE; THOU ART MY SERVANT: O ISRAEL, THOU SHALT NOT BE FORGOTTEN OF ME.
[Isaiah 44:26] THAT CONFIRMETH THE WORD OF HIS SERVANT, AND PERFORMETH THE COUNSEL OF HISÂ MESSENGERS; THAT SAITH TO JERUSALEM, THOU SHALT BE INHABITED; AND TO THE CITIES OF JUDAH, YE SHALL BE BUILT, AND I WILL RAISE UP THE DECAYED PLACES THEREOF:Rebuilding of the Land centered on Jerusalem (meaning the present state of Israel) is emphasized.
Â [Isaiah 44:28]Cyrus (Isaiah 45:2-13 ) is promised help from the Almighty, power and great riches. Cyrus is taken to embody all the Lost Tribes of Israel who have not known the Almighty yet they fulfill His historical will.
THAT SAITH OF CYRUS, HE IS MY SHEPHERD, AND SHALL PERFORM ALL MY PLEASURE: EVEN SAYING TO JERUSALEM, THOU SHALT BE BUILT; AND TO THE TEMPLE, THY FOUNDATION SHALL BE LAID.
Â [Isaiah 45:1]
THUS SAITH THE LORD TO HIS ANOINTED, TO CYRUS, WHOSE RIGHT HAND I HAVE HOLDEN, TO SUBDUE NATIONS BEFORE HIM; AND I WILL LOOSE THE LOINS OF KINGS, TO OPEN BEFORE HIM THE TWO LEAVED GATES; AND THE GATES SHALL NOT BE SHUT;
[Isaiah 45:14]As we have explained the above verse may be understood as saying: That which comes to Egypt [via the SuezÂ Canal], the trade of India [Cush], and of the Sabeans [of negro Africa], shall come over [the sea] unto you. They will be yours, in chains they will come unto you. This was fulfilled by the British and Americans.
THUS SAITH THE LORD, THE LABOUR OF EGYPT, AND MERCHANDISE OF ETHIOPIA AND OF THEÂ SABEANS, MEN OF STATURE, SHALL COME OVER UNTO THEE, AND THEY SHALL BE THINE: THEY SHALL COMEÂ AFTER THEE; IN CHAINS THEY SHALL COME OVER, AND THEY SHALL FALL DOWN UNTO THEE, THEY SHALL MAKEÂ Â Â SUPPLICATION UNTO THEE, SAYING, SURELY GOD IS IN THEE; AND THERE IS NONE ELSE, THERE IS NO GOD.
Â [Isaiah 45:15] VERILY THOU ART A GOD THAT HIDEST THYSELF, O GOD OF ISRAEL, THE SAVIOUR.The Lost Tribes in Britain were linked with a God who hides HimselfÂ as explained in our work Ephraim.
Isaiah (45:16-18) continues to condemn the practitioners of idolatry, apparently speaking of the End Times
[Isaiah 45:19] I HAVE NOT SPOKEN IN SECRET, IN A DARK PLACE OF THE EARTH: I SAID NOT UNTO THE SEED OF JACOB, SEEK YE ME IN VAIN: I THE LORD SPEAK RIGHTEOUSNESS, I DECLARE THINGS THAT ARE RIGHT.It is worth reading all the rest of Isaiah chapter 45 and chapter 46 since they continue the same theme.
Only Brit-Am Nations Fit the Biblical Criteria of Joseph. Whether you accept the idea of the Messiah son of Joseph and of Cyrus as being his prototype or not, the verses surrounding the mention of Cyrus in the Bible definitely are speaking of the end times. They definitely concern Israel in the future and they correlate with all other passages in the Bible dealing with the Lost Ten Tribes in the End Times. We see from these and other verses that the forces of Joseph will be involved in the ingathering of Judah centered on Jerusalem and the rebuilding of the cities and settlements of Judah. This is spoken of as a blessing, a promise, and a duty. They are also connected with the building of the future Temple. These activities will PRECEDE the redemption and ingathering of the Lost Ten Tribes themselves.
We are entering the End Times and the ONLY nations that have supported the Jews and helped enable the State of Israel to exist are those identified by Brit-Am as containing significant numbers of Lost Israelites from the the Lost Ten Tribes.