Points of Interest (19 August, 2014, 23 Av, 5774)
(a) Scottish Reverence for their Ancestors
For that is the mark of the Scots of all classes: that he stands in an attitude towards the past unthinkable to Englishmen, and remembers and cherishes the memory of his forebears, good or bad; and there burns alive in him a sense of identity with the dead even to the twentieth generation. ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON - Weir of Hermiston, 1894
(b) Scotland is the only European country that has no history of state persecution of Jews!
History of the Jews in Scotland
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The eminent Scottish-Jewish scholar David Daiches wrote in his autobiographical Two Worlds: An Edinburgh Jewish Childhood that there are grounds for stating that Scotland is the only European country that has no history of state persecution of Jews.
(c) Hebraic Instinct. The Instinctive Identification of Scotsmen as Israelites
(1) The Declaration of Arbroath
The Declaration of Arbroath (6 April 1320) appealed to Pope John XXII for recognition of Scotland's status as an independent, sovereign state and asserted its right to use military action when considered unjustly attacked. It was sealed by fifty-one magnates and nobles.
Most holy Father and Lord, we know and gather from ancient acts and records, that in every famous nation this of Scotland hath been celebrated with many praises: This nation having come from Scythia the greater, through the Tuscan Sea and the Hercules Pillars, and having for many ages taken its residence in Spain in the midst of a most fierce people, could never be brought in subjection by any people, how barbarous soever: And having removed from these parts, above 1,200 years after the coming of the Israelites out of Egypt, did by many victories and much toil obtain these parts in the West which they still possess, having expelled the Britons and entirely rooted out the Picts, notwithstanding of the frequent assaults and invasions they met with from the Norwegians, Danes, and English; And these parts and possessions they have always retained free from all manner of servitude and subjection, as ancient histories do witness.
Contrary to how it is sometimes understood the Declaration DOES NOT SAY that the Scottish came out of Egypt with the Israelites. It does however recall the Exodus and it could be understood to imply that there was some connection...
The text, further on, asserts that in the eyes of God:
"there is neither bias nor difference between Jew or Greek, Scot or English".
(2) The National Covenant
In the 1600s the Scottish Presbyterians were the majority party in Scotland. They felt their very existence was threatened by the High Church and Roman-leaning tendencies of the monarchy and aristocracy.
A National Covenant was drawn up declaring amongst other things that, "this only is the true Christian faith and religion"
It was signed by many Scotsmen, possibly by most heads of households in the country.
The wording of the National Covenant to our mind does not say much but in its time it meant a lot.
The Whole Concept derives from the Bible and of the Covenant made between God and HIS People.
The Scottish were declaring themselves to be the Chosen People by virtue of their religion. They were not however saying that they had replaced the Jews but rather that they should be ranked alongside them!
Wikipedia tells us:
# Reverence for the tenets of Judaism was a hallmark of 17th century fundamentalist Protestant thinking when the National Covenant of 1638 seemed to set the seal on the belief that by returning to the "true religion" at the Reformation the Scots had become a chosen people. #
# "Scotland, whom our Lord took off the dunghill and out of hell and made a fair bride to Himself... He will embrace both [of] us, the little young sister, and the elder sister, the Church of the Jews. " # (Rev. Samuel Rutherford)
Here too the Scottish are being identified as a brother nation to the Jews. The justification for this is not given as ancestry but rather purity of religion. Nevertheless, Replacement is not implied but rather fraternal co-existence as would behove brothers [or rather sisters] of the blood.
1 The word of the Lord came to me:
2 Mortal, there were two women, the daughters of one mother...
4 Oholah was the name of the elder and Oholibah the name of her sister. They became mine, and they bore sons and daughters. As for their names, Oholah is Samaria, and Oholibah is Jerusalem. ...
Note: The Scottish Hebraic National Consciousness was also reflected in the once-widespread taboo against eating swine and other unclean animals. cf. Hebrew Scotland