Ancient History and Israelite Origins (5 July 2017, 11 Tammuz, 5777)
Are Anglo-Saxons Germanic?
Â These were the names of Federations that invaded what is now England and conquered it.
Â They were comprised of different peoples who seem to have identified weith each other and been inter-related
Â Not that much is know about them.
Â Since English (Anglo) Civilization and the English Tongue now dominate the globe one would think that some attempt would be made to know more.
Â Sources do exist. More could be found with a little effort.
Â They had sojourned in part of Germany as well as in areas of Denmark, the Netherlands, and Northern France.
Â They spoke Germanic dialects i.e. tongues related to German ones.
Â They therefore must once have dwelt in proximity to German peoples. They are assumed to have been related to them.
Â On linguistic grounds alone they may be referred to as Germanic.
Â There may well have been Germanic input into some of them.
Â They are therefore assumed to be ethnically Germanic.
Â We however consider them to have been Hebrews and therefore technically Semitic whatever that means.
Â I wrote a book, "The Tribes," (1993, 1999, 2004, 2012) summarizing some findings concerning this issue.
Â When the Angles and Saxons were in Germany they forbade intermarriage with the neighboring peoples.
Â [Some members of some of the neighboring peoples however appear to have accompanied them in the invasion.]
Â After conquering England no such taboo (as far as is known) against intermarriage was applied against the native British.
Â The Saxons who invaded Britain were not necessarily the same as those who were later known by the same name in Germany.Â
Â The Saxons of Britain appear to have previously been at least in part settled in what was known as Frisia.
Â Bede (v;ix) appears to associate the Angles and Saxons with "the Frisons, the Rugins, the Danes, the Huns, the Ancient Saxons, and the Boructuars (or Bructers)."Â
Â The Byzantine historian, Procopius (Gothic War vii; 20, ca, 565 CE) said that "Brittia" (i.e. Britain) was occupied by three peoples: Angles, Frisians and Britons. He is therefore referring here to the Saxons in Britain as Frisians.
Â TheÂ FRISIANSÂ are a people now concentrated in Northern Holland but once spread all along the coast from Scandinavia through Holland, Belgium, and into France. The Angles and Saxons before they, together with other northern peoples, invaded Britain in the 450s CE had sojourned (at least in part) for about 200 years in Holland especially in Frisia. Some of the Jutes had also been in Frisia.Â
Â According to Frisian-legends a certain King Adel was a descendant ofÂ Shem.Â King Adel in India had three sons: Friso, Bruno, and Saxo. Legendary sources quoted by the historian Le Petit (1601) also mention Friso, Bruno, and Saxo and say too that they were descendants of Shem and lived in "India". Le Petit located the "India" he spoke of in a land by the Emodian Mountains which according to Ptolemy were in the area adjoining the Caspian and Aral Seas,Â in east Scythia. In this area east of the Caspian archaeologists have found the ruins of an extensive civilization whose inhabitants spoke Aramaic. N.C. LUKMAN ("Skoldung und Skilfinge," Copenhagen, 1943) showed how in Nordic Mythology the name Adel (meaning "Noble") was often used as a euphemism for Attila the Hun and for the Huns in general. In the Frisian legends King Adel was the father of Friso, Bruno, and Saxo. This may indicate that at least a portion of these peoples arrived from Central Asia in the wake of the Hun invasions of Western Europe.
The legends speak of these three brothers being descended from Shem and having been in Jerusalem at the time of its destruction by the Babylonians:
"In the time of the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnessar (586 B.C.), 3 brothers - Friso, Bruno, and Saxo with [their] wives, children, and relatives fled out of the country, encouraged to do so by announcements of the Prophets concerning the fall of the town".
In this legend Bruno represents the Angles who according to Ptolemy had at one stage been centered on the region of Brunswick in Eastern Germany. The Angles had also had a center in Angeln to the south of Denmark or else they moved to Angeln prior to the invasion of England. By placing Friso, Bruno, and Saxo in Jerusalem (which became representative of all Israel) before its capture the legend in effect infers thatÂ the Frisians, Saxons, and Brunswickian-Angles were therefore originally Israelites or Jews.Â
Â The Angles were also known as Aegloi. The term "Aegel" in Hebrew means bull-calf and was a nickname for Ephraim (Jeremiah 31:18, cf. Rashi).