The Book of Joshua, Chapter 12, with BAC Explanations. List of Canaanite Kings who were Defeated and their Lands Distributed to Israelites.
[Joshua 12:1] NOW THESE ARE THE KINGS OF THE LAND, WHICH THE CHILDREN OF
ISRAEL SMOTE, AND POSSESSED THEIR LAND ON THE OTHER SIDE JORDAN TOWARD THE
RISING OF THE SUN, FROM THE RIVER ARNON UNTO MOUNT HERMON, AND ALL THE
PLAIN ON THE EAST:
[Joshua 12:2] SIHON KING OF THE AMORITES, WHO DWELT IN HESHBON, AND RULED
FROM AROER, WHICH IS UPON THE BANK OF THE RIVER ARNON, AND FROM THE MIDDLE
OF THE RIVER, AND FROM HALF GILEAD, EVEN UNTO THE RIVER JABBOK, WHICH IS
THE BORDER OF THE CHILDREN OF AMMON;
[Joshua 12:3] AND FROM THE PLAIN TO THE SEA OF CHINNEROTH ON THE EAST, AND
UNTO THE SEA OF THE PLAIN, EVEN THE SALT SEA ON THE EAST, THE WAY TO
BETHJESHIMOTH; AND FROM THE SOUTH, UNDER ASHDOTHPISGAH:
[Joshua 12:4] AND THE COAST OF OG KING OF BASHAN, WHICH WAS OF THE REMNANT
OF THE GIANTS, THAT DWELT AT ASHTAROTH AND AT EDREI,
[Joshua 12:5] AND REIGNED IN MOUNT HERMON, AND IN SALCAH, AND IN ALL
BASHAN, UNTO THE BORDER OF THE GESHURITES AND THE MAACHATHITES, AND HALF
GILEAD, THE BORDER OF SIHON KING OF HESHBON.
[Joshua 12:6] THEM DID MOSES THE SERVANT OF THE LORD AND THE CHILDREN OF
ISRAEL SMITE: AND MOSES THE SERVANT OF THE LORD GAVE IT FOR A POSSESSION
UNTO THE REUBENITES, AND THE GADITES, AND THE HALF TRIBE OF MANASSEH.
their land to Israelite Tribes. This was the will of God and Moses
fulfilled the will of God. Conquering the Holy Land and placing it in the
possession of Israel is fulfilling the will of God. British forces (in
which Australian and New Zealand contingents were prominent) conquered
Palestineand gave it to the Jews. This was the will of God and they were
>>THE REUBENITES, AND THE GADITES, AND THE HALF TRIBE OF
MANASSEH::<< Lands east of the Jordan were apportioned to these tribes.
Other lands in this area were destined to be conquered and the whole could
be re-divided amongst other tribes. Assyrian and related documents refer to
the Tsupani (Tsefion, Zephion) a clan of Gad just north of the Euphrates
bend in northeastern Turkey and also to the Ben-Yammi of Benjamin in
Northern Syria alongside Reubenites. We also find contingents from Dan
(Dananu) and Judah (Yadi) in southeast Turkey and northwest Syria and Iraq.
In our book The Tribeswe traced Tribal names in areas east of the Jordan
reaching to the Euphrates based on the Geography of Ptolemy who lived ca.
100-175 CE but based much of his work on that of a Phoenician from Tyre who
lived 3 to 4 hundred years beforehand.
Adapted from "The Tribes" chapter 17: The Land of Israel before the Exile
The Map showing the location of Habor also depicts a large section of
the Middle East. It shows areas settled by Israelite Tribes long before the
Exile as well as regions in which Israelites were re-settled by the
Assyrians after the Exile.
According to the Bible (1-Chronicles chapter 6) the Tribes of Gad and
Reuben fought against Arabian tribes and settled in their lands "until the
time of exile" (1-Chronicles 6; 22). The former presence of Israelite
Tribes in northern Arabia and Syria prior to the exile is recalled in some
of the place-names mentioned by Ptolemy in the Land termed "ARABIA" on his Map.
As well as the Tribes of Gad and Reuben the area east of the Jordan
River was also settled by the half-tribe of Menasseh along with a portion
from Simeon and contingents from Judah, Benjamin, and other Tribes.
The clan of Yacin (Icen) from Simeon is recalled in IUCA in the
south-east near the Persian Gulf. This clan later in Scythia became known
as the Sacae-Eucae and Eucatae and in northern Europe as the Saxon-Euci and
in Celtic Britain as the ICENI neighbors to the SIMENI. Boudicca, the
Celtic Queen in Ancient Britain who led a revolt against Roman Tyranny
belonged to the Iceni tribe. This area includes the oil-rich fields of
present-day Kuwait and the Iraqi oil fields and it is interesting to note
that the region once belonged to Israel.
West of Iuca is Bera and Beria is a clan name amongst the Tribes of
Benjamin, Ephraim, and Asher. Another acceptable way of pronouncing the
Hebrew spelling of "Beria" gives "Beria-g-h" or "Ver-iag" which national
name re-appeared amongst Scandinavian (Varangian) and Khazar groups.
The name RAHABENI ON PTOLEMY'S MAP IS A FORM FOR REUBEN and was to be
repeated in Serica (east of Scythia) as the RHABBANAEI WHO GAVE RISE TO THE
RIBUARI FRANKS IN EUROPE.
The name MASANI derives from Manasseh and the inversion of syllables
("Mas-ani" for "Men-eseh") is a common phenomenon. The Masani were later
recalled in Phoenician Spain and in northern Holland and from there they
crossed over to Britain.
Furthur north, the BALAGAEA and BELGINAEA co-relate to the name BELAH
(pronouncable as "Bela-g-h") which was a clan name from the Tribe of
Bejamin and was to re-appear in the BELGAE who gave their name to BELGIUM.
CAUCHABENI means "Sons (Beni) of Chaggi" or Haggi (Num.26) whose name
in Hebrew began with the letter HETH ((Ã— which is transliterable either as
"h" or as "ch.. Haggi (Chaggi) was one of the Clans of Gad which in Scythia
became known as the Cachage Scythae and as the Huga. Later in northwest
Europe they were recorded as the Cauki (Chauci) or Hugo Franks. GADIRTHA
recalls the place name Gadir. This place-name occurs several times within
the Land of Israel and may also be associated with GAD. Gadira was also the
name of an important port in southern Spain linked with the Phoenecians,
Tarshish, and the Celts of early Ireland and Britain. Much of the region
east of the Jordan settled by the Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half Manasseh
in the Bible (Deuteronomy ch.4) is termed BASHAN WHICH IN ARAMAIC BECAME
BATHAN and is recalled in BATHANAEI and BATHANAE REGIO (i.e. Kingdom of
Bashan) adjacent to SACCAE REGIO.
The Mesopotamian Sumerians called the Bashan "BASIL" and later
the Royal Scythians were named Scythae Basilae and these gave their name to
SCANDINAVIA which was originally called "SCATANAVIA" or Land of the Scyths.
Scandinavia according to the Roman Geographer, Pliny, was also known as
"BASILIA", i.e. it was named after the Bashan (Basil) of Israel. Basil may
mean lion. This gives additional meaning to the expression, DAN IS A LION'S
WHELP: HE SHALL LEAP FROM BASHAN(Deuteronomy 33:22). The Greeks later
adopted the title Basiland used it to mean kingbut linguists admit that the
word had non-Greek origins.
The Kingdom of the SACCAE (Saccae Regio) besides Bathanaea has a clear
Scythian connection since "SACCAE" was the contemporary Middle Eastern term
for Scyth and the name is believed to be a derivative of "Isaac". The
appellation "Saxe" or "Saxon" is a further development of the same
The CHALYBONITIS was named after the Chalybes who were descendants of
the CHELUBAI (1-Chronicles 2; 19) from Hetzron of Judah. They were
descended from the sons of Chaleb ben Jefunai and associated with the Keni
and Kenizai who were metal workers. After their exile the Chalybes were
connected by the Greeks to the Cimmerians and ascribed the invention of
iron processing. They were then located (after exile) in the Caucasian area
of Iberia (Georgia) wherefrom the Cimmerians were first to emerge. Justin
reported a group of them under the same name in the area of Galatia in
northwest Spain where too they were noted as metallurgical experts. From
Spain they apparently passed over into Ireland and Celtic Britain.
[Joshua 12:7] AND THESE ARE THE KINGS OF THE COUNTRY WHICH JOSHUA AND THE
CHILDREN OF ISRAEL SMOTE ON THIS SIDE JORDAN ON THE WEST, FROM BAALGAD IN
THE VALLEY OF LEBANON EVEN UNTO THE MOUNT HALAK, THAT GOETH UP TO SEIR;
WHICH JOSHUA GAVE UNTO THE TRIBES OF ISRAEL FOR A POSSESSION ACCORDING TO
[Joshua 12:8] IN THE MOUNTAINS, AND IN THE VALLEYS, AND IN THE PLAINS, AND
IN THE SPRINGS, AND IN THE WILDERNESS, AND IN THE SOUTH COUNTRY; THE
HITTITES, THE AMORITES, AND THE CANAANITES, THE PERIZZITES, THE HIVITES,
AND THE JEBUSITES:
[Joshua 12:9] THE KING OF JERICHO, ONE; THE KING OF AI, WHICH IS BESIDE BETHEL, ONE;
[Joshua 12:10] THE KING OF JERUSALEM, ONE; THE KING OF HEBRON, ONE;
[Joshua 12:11] THE KING OF JARMUTH, ONE; THE KING OF LACHISH, ONE;
[Joshua 12:12] THE KING OF EGLON, ONE; THE KING OF GEZER, ONE;
[Joshua 12:13] THE KING OF DEBIR, ONE; THE KING OF GEDER, ONE;
[Joshua 12:14] THE KING OF HORMAH, ONE; THE KING OF ARAD, ONE;
[Joshua 12:15] THE KING OF LIBNAH, ONE; THE KING OF ADULLAM, ONE;
[Joshua 12:16] THE KING OF MAKKEDAH, ONE; THE KING OF BETHEL, ONE;
[Joshua 12:17] THE KING OF TAPPUAH, ONE; THE KING OF HEPHER, ONE;
[Joshua 12:18] THE KING OF APHEK, ONE; THE KING OF LASHARON, ONE;
[Joshua 12:19] THE KING OF MADON, ONE; THE KING OF HAZOR, ONE;
[Joshua 12:20] THE KING OF SHIMRONMERON, ONE; THE KING OF ACHSHAPH, ONE;
[Joshua 12:21] THE KING OF TAANACH, ONE; THE KING OF MEGIDDO, ONE;
[Joshua 12:22] THE KING OF KEDESH, ONE; THE KING OF JOKNEAM OF CARMEL, ONE;
[Joshua 12:23] THE KING OF DOR IN THE COAST OF DOR, ONE; THE KING OF THE
NATIONS OF GILGAL, ONE;
[Joshua 12:24] THE KING OF TIRZAH, ONE: ALL THE KINGS THIRTY AND ONE.
There were 31 kings. A Rabbinical tradition (Sifrei, Brocah 33) says that
each of these kings in effect represented a foreign power all of which held
enclaves of its own in the land. There may be some historical truth to
this. Alternately it may symbolize a geo-political reality in which all the
nations of the earth which to interfere in the Land of Israel especially
against the Jews.