The Book of Joshua, chapter 6 with BAC Commentary. The Fall of the Walls of Jericho.
[Joshua 6:1] NOW JERICHO WAS STRAITLY SHUT UP BECAUSE OF THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL: NONE WENT OUT, AND NONE CAME IN.
[Joshua 6:2] AND THE LORD SAID UNTO JOSHUA, SEE, I HAVE GIVEN INTO THINE HAND JERICHO, AND THE KING THEREOF, AND THE MIGHTY MEN OF VALOUR.
[Joshua 6:3] AND YE SHALL COMPASS THE CITY, ALL YE MEN OF WAR, AND GO ROUND ABOUT THE CITY ONCE. THUS SHALT THOU DO SIX DAYS.
[Joshua 6:4] AND SEVEN PRIESTS SHALL BEAR BEFORE THE ARK SEVEN TRUMPETS OF RAMS' HORNS: AND THE SEVENTH DAY YE SHALL COMPASS THE CITY SEVEN TIMES, AND THE PRIESTS SHALL BLOW WITH THE TRUMPETS.
[Joshua 6:5] AND IT SHALL COME TO PASS, THAT WHEN THEY MAKE A LONG BLAST WITH THE RAMS HORN, AND WHEN YE HEAR THE SOUND OF THE TRUMPET, ALL THE PEOPLE SHALL SHOUT WITH A GREAT SHOUT; AND THE WALL OF THE CITY SHALL FALL DOWN FLAT, AND THE PEOPLE SHALL ASCEND UP EVERY MAN STRAIGHT BEFORE HIM.
This was a miracle. Even miracles however often have natural explanations. The miracle consists in the event happening just when and how it does. The timing and effect are just as important for a miracle than the direct natural cause. If we open our eyes miracles happen to us frequently. The closer we are to God the more they happen and the more we become aware of them. It happens that sometimes we may succeed in genuinely trying to do as well as we can. At the time we may feel that we are not necessarily getting anywhere but looking back we realize that for a brief moment we may have then reached a higher level than we had been aware of or would have felt possible.
Anyway, another natural explanation lies in the effect of marching and noise and vibrations. This was first mentioned to me by my father but later I read something about it. In Europe when a body of soldiers passed over old bridges they had to proceed normally and not march in step. The rhythmic vibrations of hundreds of marching feet could cause a bridge to collapse.
In the case of Jericho every day more than half a million men marched around the city for six days blowing trumpets. On the seventh day they marched around the walls seven times with the priests blowing rams horns (shofars), then they stopped still (I infer), the great rams horn sounded a long blast, the trumpet sounded, and all the people (600,000 and more of them) shouted at once. The walls came tumbling down. Over much of the land of Israel you go down a few feet into the ground and then you hit a layer of rock which is from a half a meter (the usual situation) to several meters thick. Under the rock layer there is soft chalk and sometimes large hollow spaces. In ancient times in many areas people lived as much below ground as above it since the rock layer formed a natural roof, space was easy to hollow out, and the ground provided natural insulation.
Anyway this same feature of the ground could have created the necessary conditions for hundreds of thousands of marching feet, the creation of noise, silence, then sudden greater noise to all have a vibrational impact causing the ground to collapse under the walls of Jericho.
[Joshua 6:6] AND JOSHUA THE SON OF NUN CALLED THE PRIESTS, AND SAID UNTO THEM, TAKE UP THE ARK OF THE COVENANT, AND LET SEVEN PRIESTS BEAR SEVEN TRUMPETS OF RAMS' HORNS BEFORE THE ARK OF THE LORD.
[Joshua 6:7] AND HE SAID UNTO THE PEOPLE, PASS ON, AND COMPASS THE CITY, AND LET HIM THAT IS ARMED PASS ON BEFORE THE ARK OF THE LORD.
[Joshua 6:8] AND IT CAME TO PASS, WHEN JOSHUA HAD SPOKEN UNTO THE PEOPLE, THAT THE SEVEN PRIESTS BEARING THE SEVEN TRUMPETS OF RAMS' HORNS PASSED ON BEFORE THE LORD, AND BLEW WITH THE TRUMPETS: AND THE ARK OF THE COVENANT OF THE LORD FOLLOWED THEM.
[Joshua 6:9] AND THE ARMED MEN WENT BEFORE THE PRIESTS THAT BLEW WITH THE TRUMPETS, AND THE REARWARD CAME AFTER THE ARK, THE PRIESTS GOING ON, AND BLOWING WITH THE TRUMPETS.
[Joshua 6:10] AND JOSHUA HAD COMMANDED THE PEOPLE, SAYING, YE SHALL NOT SHOUT, NOR MAKE ANY NOISE WITH YOUR VOICE, NEITHER SHALL ANY WORD PROCEED OUT OF YOUR MOUTH, UNTIL THE DAY I BID YOU SHOUT; THEN SHALL YE SHOUT.
[Joshua 6:11] SO THE ARK OF THE LORD COMPASSED THE CITY, GOING ABOUT IT ONCE: AND THEY CAME INTO THE CAMP, AND LODGED IN THE CAMP.
[Joshua 6:12] AND JOSHUA ROSE EARLY IN THE MORNING, AND THE PRIESTS TOOK UP THE ARK OF THE LORD.
[Joshua 6:13] AND SEVEN PRIESTS BEARING SEVEN TRUMPETS OF RAMS' HORNS BEFORE THE ARK OF THE LORD WENT ON CONTINUALLY, AND BLEW WITH THE TRUMPETS: AND THE ARMED MEN WENT BEFORE THEM; BUT THE REARWARD CAME AFTER THE ARK OF THE LORD, THE PRIESTS GOING ON, AND BLOWING WITH THE TRUMPETS.
[Joshua 6:14] AND THE SECOND DAY THEY COMPASSED THE CITY ONCE, AND RETURNED INTO THE CAMP: SO THEY DID SIX DAYS.
[Joshua 6:15] AND IT CAME TO PASS ON THE SEVENTH DAY, THAT THEY ROSE EARLY ABOUT THE DAWNING OF THE DAY, AND COMPASSED THE CITY AFTER THE SAME MANNER SEVEN TIMES: ONLY ON THAT DAY THEY COMPASSED THE CITY SEVEN TIMES.
[Joshua 6:16] AND IT CAME TO PASS AT THE SEVENTH TIME, WHEN THE PRIESTS BLEW WITH THE TRUMPETS, JOSHUA SAID UNTO THE PEOPLE, SHOUT; FOR THE LORD HATH GIVEN YOU THE CITY.
[Joshua 6:17] AND THE CITY SHALL BE ACCURSED, EVEN IT, AND ALL THAT ARE THEREIN, TO THE LORD: ONLY RAHAB THE HARLOT SHALL LIVE, SHE AND ALL THAT ARE WITH HER IN THE HOUSE, BECAUSE SHE HID THE MESSENGERS THAT WE SENT.
[Joshua 6:18] AND YE, IN ANY WISE KEEP YOURSELVES FROM THE ACCURSED THING, LEST YE MAKE YOURSELVES ACCURSED, WHEN YE TAKE OF THE ACCURSED THING, AND MAKE THE CAMP OF ISRAEL A CURSE, AND TROUBLE IT.
[Joshua 6:19] BUT ALL THE SILVER, AND GOLD, AND VESSELS OF BRASS AND IRON, ARE CONSECRATED UNTO THE LORD: THEY SHALL COME INTO THE TREASURY OF THE LORD.
[Joshua 6:20] SO THE PEOPLE SHOUTED WHEN THE PRIESTS BLEW WITH THE TRUMPETS: AND IT CAME TO PASS, WHEN THE PEOPLE HEARD THE SOUND OF THE TRUMPET, AND THE PEOPLE SHOUTED WITH A GREAT SHOUT, THAT THE WALL FELL DOWN FLAT, SO THAT THE PEOPLE WENT UP INTO THE CITY, EVERY MAN STRAIGHT BEFORE HIM, AND THEY TOOK THE CITY.
[Joshua 6:21] AND THEY UTTERLY DESTROYED ALL THAT WAS IN THE CITY, BOTH MAN AND WOMAN, YOUNG AND OLD, AND OX, AND SHEEP, AND ASS, WITH THE EDGE OF THE SWORD.
[Joshua 6:22] BUT JOSHUA HAD SAID UNTO THE TWO MEN THAT HAD SPIED OUT THE COUNTRY, GO INTO THE HARLOT'S HOUSE, AND BRING OUT THENCE THE WOMAN, AND ALL THAT SHE HATH, AS YE SWARE UNTO HER.
[Joshua 6:23] AND THE YOUNG MEN THAT WERE SPIES WENT IN, AND BROUGHT OUT RAHAB, AND HER FATHER, AND HER MOTHER, AND HER BRETHREN, AND ALL THAT SHE HAD; AND THEY BROUGHT OUT ALL HER KINDRED, AND LEFT THEM WITHOUT THE CAMP OF ISRAEL.
<< ALL HER KINDRED >>: In Hebrew col Mishpachetehiah literally all their families: The Talmud (Jerusalem Sanhedrin 1:2) points out that this implies all the families of her kindred that could encompass a great many people. They were all saved by virtue of Rahab.According to tradition Rahab was the ancestress of Jeremiah the Prophet.
[Joshua 6:24] AND THEY BURNT THE CITY WITH FIRE, AND ALL THAT WAS THEREIN: ONLY THE SILVER, AND THE GOLD, AND THE VESSELS OF BRASS AND OF IRON, THEY PUT INTO THE TREASURY OF THE HOUSE OF THE LORD.
[Joshua 6:25] AND JOSHUA SAVED RAHAB THE HARLOT ALIVE, AND HER FATHER'S HOUSEHOLD, AND ALL THAT SHE HAD; AND SHE DWELLETH IN ISRAEL EVEN UNTO THIS DAY; BECAUSE SHE HID THE MESSENGERS, WHICH JOSHUA SENT TO SPY OUT JERICHO.
[Joshua 6:26] AND JOSHUA ADJURED THEM AT THAT TIME, SAYING, CURSED BE THE MAN BEFORE THE LORD, THAT RISETH UP AND BUILDETH THIS CITY JERICHO: HE SHALL LAY THE FOUNDATION THEREOF IN HIS FIRSTBORN, AND IN HIS YOUNGEST SON SHALL HE SET UP THE GATES OF IT.
The archeological site now identified with Jericho is not necessarily that which Joshua conquered but it may be close by.
[Joshua 6:27] SO THE LORD WAS WITH JOSHUA; AND HIS FAME WAS NOISED THROUGHOUT ALL THE COUNTRY.
God was with him.