Messiah son of David, Messiah son of Joseph, and the Ten Tribes
1. Brit-Am Hebrew Awareness.
Three Main Principles.
2. Who is MBD?
3. Messiah son of David in the Bible.
4. MBD in Isaiah 11.
1. Brit-Am Hebrew Awareness.
Three Main Principles:
1. Ten Tribes in the Western World.
2. Need for the Increasing of Biblical Consciousness, in Principle.
3. Brotherhood with Judah. Support for the State of Israel.
2. Who is MBD?
The Messiah son of Joseph comes before Messiah son David (MBD) but he prepares the way for MBD. MBD is the more important.
Belief in MBD is obligatory whereas MBJ is optional.
Messiah son of David as an Article of Faith:
The twelfth of Maimonides' 13 principles of faith was: "I believe with perfect faith in the coming of the Messiah (mashiach), and though he may tarry, still I await him every day."
Maimonides (1135-1204) has been understood to say that The Messiah son of David will:
Restore the Throne of David.
Rebuild the Temple.
Gather the exiles.
Restore the Torah.
He will be a descendent of David.
He does not have to perform signs or wonders. [This is debated since Miracles he will perform, see Isaiah 11 where MBD is ascribed superhuman powers.]
He will be a student of Torah.
He will force Israel to study Torah
He will fight the wars of the LORD
Elijah will come before Messiah
The battle of Gog and Magog will precede the day of Messiah
Messiah will purify the priesthood and Levites
Messiah will identify and accept those who are truly of Israel
Messiah will identify the Tribes of Israel
In the time of Messiah's reign there will be no hunger or wars
In the time of Messiah's reign the chief occupation on the earth will be the study of the LORD.
3. Messiah son of David in the Bible
Belief in the Messiah son of David (MBD) is from the Bible and an Article of Faith in Judaism.
"Messiah is a Jew! Prophesy and the Coming King of All Israel,"
Genesis 4: 9-12.
15 IN THOSE DAYS AND AT THAT TIME I WILL CAUSE A RIGHTEOUS BRANCH OF DAVID TO SPRING FORTH; AND HE SHALL EXECUTE JUSTICE AND RIGHTEOUSNESS ON THE EARTH.
5 AFTERWARD SHALL THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL RETURN, AND SEEK THE LORD THEIR GOD, AND DAVID THEIR KING; AND SHALL COME TREMBLING UNTO THE LORD AND TO HIS GOODNESS IN THE END OF DAYS. .
7 I WILL PROCLAIM THE LORD'S DECREE:
HE SAID TO ME, 'YOU ARE MY SON;
TODAY I HAVE BECOME YOUR FATHER.
8 ASK ME,
AND I WILL MAKE THE NATIONS YOUR INHERITANCE,
THE ENDS OF THE EARTH YOUR POSSESSION.
9 REJOICE GREATLY, O DAUGHTER OF ZION!
SHOUT IN TRIUMPH, O DAUGHTER OF JERUSALEM!
BEHOLD, YOUR KING IS COMING TO YOU;
HE IS JUST AND ENDOWED WITH SALVATION,
HUMBLE, AND MOUNTED ON A DONKEY,
EVEN ON A COLT, THE FOAL OF A DONKEY.
5 BEHOLD, THE DAYS ARE COMING, DECLARES THE LORD,
WHEN I WILL RAISE UP FOR DAVID A RIGHTEOUS BRANCH;
AND HE WILL REIGN AS KING AND ACT WISELY
AND DO JUSTICE AND RIGHTEOUSNESS IN THE LAND.
Messiah, Son of David
The Anointed One in the Bible
4. MBD in Isaiah 11.
Isaiah (NKJV) 11: 1
1 THERE SHALL COME FORTH A ROD FROM THE STEM OF JESSE,
AND A BRANCH SHALL GROW OUT OF HIS ROOTS.
Jesse was the father of David. MBD is descended from David son of Jesse.
2 THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD SHALL REST UPON HIM,
THE SPIRIT OF WISDOM AND UNDERSTANDING,
THE SPIRIT OF COUNSEL AND MIGHT,
THE SPIRIT OF KNOWLEDGE AND OF THE FEAR OF THE LORD.
He will have superhuman powers.
3 HIS DELIGHT IS IN THE FEAR OF THE LORD,
AND HE SHALL NOT JUDGE BY THE SIGHT OF HIS EYES,
NOR DECIDE BY THE HEARING OF HIS EARS;
4 BUT WITH RIGHTEOUSNESS HE SHALL JUDGE THE POOR,
AND DECIDE WITH EQUITY FOR THE MEEK OF THE EARTH;
HE SHALL STRIKE THE EARTH WITH THE ROD OF HIS MOUTH,
AND WITH THE BREATH OF HIS LIPS HE SHALL SLAY THE WICKED.
5 RIGHTEOUSNESS SHALL BE THE BELT OF HIS LOINS,
AND FAITHFULNESS THE BELT OF HIS WAIST.
6 THE WOLF ALSO SHALL DWELL WITH THE LAMB,
THE LEOPARD SHALL LIE DOWN WITH THE YOUNG GOAT,
THE CALF AND THE YOUNG LION AND THE FATLING TOGETHER;
AND A LITTLE CHILD SHALL LEAD THEM.
7 THE COW AND THE BEAR SHALL GRAZE;
THEIR YOUNG ONES SHALL LIE DOWN TOGETHER;
AND THE LION SHALL EAT STRAW LIKE THE OX.
8 THE NURSING CHILD SHALL PLAY BY THE COBRA'S HOLE,
AND THE WEANED CHILD SHALL PUT HIS HAND IN THE VIPER'S DEN.
Human Nature will change. people will be better than they now are.
9 THEY SHALL NOT HURT NOR DESTROY IN ALL MY HOLY MOUNTAIN,
FOR THE EARTH SHALL BE FULL OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE LORD
AS THE WATERS COVER THE SEA.
Correct Knowledge and fear of Heaven shall go out from Jerusalem to all of mankind and all humanity will accept and abide by it.
10 'AND IN THAT DAY THERE SHALL BE A ROOT OF JESSE,
WHO SHALL STAND AS A BANNER TO THE PEOPLE;
FOR THE GENTILES SHALL SEEK HIM,
AND HIS RESTING PLACE SHALL BE GLORIOUS.
11 IT SHALL COME TO PASS IN THAT DAY
THAT THE LORD SHALL SET HIS HAND AGAIN THE SECOND TIME
TO RECOVER THE REMNANT OF HIS PEOPLE WHO ARE LEFT,
FROM ASSYRIA AND EGYPT,
FROM PATHROS AND CUSH,
FROM ELAM AND SHINAR,
FROM HAMATH AND THE ISLANDS OF THE SEA.
These places represent the areas of Exile where descendants of Judah and the Ten Tribes were sent to.
There are 8 places. the identifications of these area is not necessarily as translated, for instance "Egypt" (Mitsraim) in some contexts may connote Russia.
Also the intention may be tot he descendants of Exile who went tot hose places but since moved elsewhere. At all events they shall be brought back.
12 HE WILL SET UP A BANNER FOR THE NATIONS,
AND WILL ASSEMBLE THE OUTCASTS OF ISRAEL,
AND GATHER TOGETHER THE DISPERSED OF JUDAH
This means the 10 Tribes and the Jews.
FROM THE FOUR [CORNERS OF THE EARTH.
13 ALSO THE ENVY OF EPHRAIM SHALL DEPART,
AND THE ADVERSARIES OF JUDAH SHALL BE CUT OFF;
EPHRAIM SHALL NOT ENVY JUDAH,
AND JUDAH SHALL NOT HARASS EPHRAIM.
Judah and Ephraim will be reconciled. Until then a certain degree of tension may have existed between them.
14 BUT THEY SHALL FLY DOWN UPON THE SHOULDER OF THE PHILISTINES TOWARD THE WEST;
The Palestinians will be flown away.
TOGETHER THEY SHALL PLUNDER THE PEOPLE OF THE EAST;
THEY SHALL LAY THEIR HAND ON EDOM AND MOAB;
AND THE PEOPLE OF AMMON SHALL OBEY THEM.
15 THE LORD WILL UTTERLY DESTROY THE TONGUE OF THE SEA OF EGYPT;
WITH HIS MIGHTY WIND HE WILL SHAKE HIS FIST OVER THE RIVER,
AND STRIKE IT IN THE SEVEN STREAMS,
AND MAKE MEN CROSS OVER DRY-SHOD.
16 THERE WILL BE A HIGHWAY FOR THE REMNANT OF HIS PEOPLE
WHO WILL BE LEFT FROM ASSYRIA,
This is a reference to the Ten Tribes who will return.
AS IT WAS FOR ISRAEL
IN THE DAY THAT HE CAME UP FROM THE LAND OF EGYPT.
It is worth noting that based on Isaiah ch.11, a foremost Rabbinical Commentator on the Bible, Don Isaac Abarbanel (1437-1508), considered the future return of the Ten Tribes a virtual article of faith in its own right.
The Fourteen Aims of Prediction as Found in the Book of Isaiah
according to Don Isaac Abarbanel
(4. THE TEN TRIBES WILL RETURN.
Other Peoples Work on the Messiah son of Joseph
Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel writes about the Messiah son of Joseph.