11 Articles about Ruth Listed with Short Descriptions (1 March 2016, 21 Adar-A, 5776)
1. King David and the Oral Law
2. Moabitess! Was Ruth a Foreigner?
3. Plain Ruth. Exegesis in the Light of Reason
4. Field of Moab. Where Did Ruth Come From?
5. Field of Moab: Recap. Continued from "Field of Moab." Ruth Came from Moab and was a Moabitess!
6. Ruth Debated. An Argument between Yair Davidiy (on behalf of Brit-Am) and James Rodriguez
7. James Rodriguez. Field of Moab
8. Levirate Marriage? Ruth and Popular Custom in Ancient Israel
9. Nehamiah. Foreign Women
10. Sequel to Ruth. The Righteous Convert from Moab
11. More Ruth. Additional Polemic Points Raised by JR and Answered by Brit-Am
1. King David and the Oral LawÂ
Loyalty to David is Required:
Ruth and the Oral Tradition
Gives an Overall Introduction. Answers major claims against Ruth of Moab.
Replies to the article, "The Story of Ruth the Israelite!?" by Richard Fix
Explains what the issue involves.
THE PREJUDICE AGAINST KING DAVID.
RUTH the MOABITESS, ANCESTRESS OF KING DAVID.
Reply to Claims that Ruth was not a Native-born Physical Daughter of Moab.
The Choice is between an Ancient Oral Tradition and a New One Derived from Base Motives!
Was Ruth a Foreigner?
"The Story of Ruth the Israelite!?" by Richard Fix
Fix draws parallels between what happens in the Book of Ruth and Levirate Marriage. He thinks this would prove Israelite ancestry though it would not. Also despite the similarities with Levirate marriageÂ the two processes were not the same.
Fix claims that "Land of Moab"Â means an Israelite area. All his proofs however apply to the wrong era and are invalid.
1. The Dilemma
2. The Verses:
(a) Deuteronomy 23: 3-4
(b) Nehemiah 13:1, 23-25
3. Ruth the Moabitess
4. Lot the Ancestor of Ruth
5. The Counter Claims.Â Was Ruth a True-Blue Israelitess from Birth??
6. Answers to the Counter-Claims
(1) Moab is Moab!
(2)Â Future Tense according to Context
(3) Levirate Marriage
3. Plain Ruth
Exegesis in the Light of Reason
(1. The Hebrew expression "Sedeh Moab"Â literally the "Field of Moab"Â in the Book of Ruth has always been understood to mean the Country of Moab meaning the Moab of the non-Israelite Moabites.
Where in the Book of Moab is there the slightest hint as to a different meaning?
(2. Ruth is describedÂ as one of the Moabite women (Ruth 1:4) whom the sons of Naomi married before their death. Ruth is described as a MoabitessÂ (Ruth 1:22, 2:26) and as a foreigner (Ruth 2:10).
IT IS CLAIMED that the intention is to Ruth the "Israelite" who lived in the country of Moab which they falsely claim was part of Israel. This goes against the intended purport of the Hebrew text.
(3. If Ruth was not a Moabitess but an Israelitess why does the Bible not say so?
1. Obama as a Simile. A place NAMED "Africa" in Florida, USA?
2.Â Previous Points Made Concerning Ruth
3. More Anti- Moabite Polemics
4. What Does the Expression "Field of Moab"Â Mean?
5. The Biblical Exegesis Principles ofÂ Brit-Am/Hebrew Nations
6.Â Some Hard Questions for the "Ruth was an Israelite"Â People.
4. Field of Moab
Where Did Ruth Come From?
Ruth is described as coming from the Field (Country) of Moab which always means the Land of Moabites from Moab.
1. Introduction. Ruth the Moabite Woman
2. The Ephraimite Talmudic-Type Mindset! AÂ Diversionary Anecdote.
3. The Different Sections of the Land of Moab
4. The Israelite Area ofÂ Moab.Â Concordance Stastistics
5. Did "Sedeh-Moav" i.e. Field of MoabÂ Mean "Moabite Moab"?
6. "Sedeh-Moav", i.e. "Field of Moab",Â as a Place of Exile?
7. Conclusion:Â The Literal Meaning when Properly Understood is Usually the True One
5. Field of Moab: Recap.
Continued from Field of Moab.
Ruth Came from Moab and was a Moabitess!
Everywhere in the Book of Ruth where it mentions the area of Moab whence Ruth came it says FIELD OF [in Hebrew, "Sedeh"] MOAB! Scripture repeats and emphasizesÂ this!
Ruth came from the FIELD OF MOAB. She came from the Moabite people and from the country the Moabites dwelt in!
6. Ruth Debated
An Argument between Yair Davidiy (on behalf of Brit-Am) and James Rodriguez
Difference between Aravoth Moab and Field of Moab.
Statistics, "Foreigner' means "alien, outsider".
Article answers attempts by James Rodriguez to twist the meaning of works and contradict the simple literal message given by the original Hebrew text.
#1 Pagan Women versus Pagan Men?
#2 Questioning Polemic Techniques is itself a Technique!
#3 The River Arnon, Border of Moab
#4 Simple meaning of words?
#5 Evading an Unanswered Challenge.
#6 What Does "Foreigner" Mean?
#7Â Examples that are not really relevant to the case.
#8 The Term "Moab" or "Moabite" was NEVER Applied to Israelites!
#9 No Israelites Ever Called Moabites
#10 No Statistic Majority Because there are no Statistics!
#11 What is Conversion to Judaism?
#12 Denying the Talmud and Historical Sources.
#13 The Girls and the Warriors.
#14 Facts are also Necessary!
7. James Rodriguez
Field of Moab
JR tries to argue from the Hebrew text and logical deduction that "Field of Moab" meant an area of Israel.
These arguments are false and their mendacity is illustrated.
2. James Rodriguez and Wikipedia
3. James Rodriguez andÂ the Moabites
4. Brit-Am Answers to James Rodriguez: Where was the Field of Moab?
5. Brit-Am Answers to James Rodriguez: More Biblical Evidence
6. Brit-Am Answers to James Rodriguez: Why go to Moab? Parallels with the Jews and Germany Today
8. Levirate Marriage?
Ruth and Popular Custom in Ancient Israel
Levirate Marriage (Deuteronomy 25:5-10) occurs when a man dies without offspring. The brother of the man would then marry the widow unless he wished not to and the widow released him from the obligation.
So too, the Jubilee Year principle allowed for the redemptionÂ of ancestral lands by the next of kin of someone who had sold them (Leviticus 25: 23-28).
Ruth was not married to Boaz by Levirate Marriage but by something parallel to it in local custom.
This marriage also involved an aspect of Ancestral Land Redemption.
Both Richard Fix and JR argue that this indicated that Ruth was a natural born Israelitess and not an alien.
We explain exactly what was, and what was not, done with Ruth.
Not only do these considerations NOT show that Ruth was not an alien. On the contrary, the overall picture of Ruth being a foreign woman from Moab is strengthened.Â
The discussion of Levirate marriage etc., and what relevance it had to Ruth should be of interest to students of the Bible regardless of its polemical context.
The same applies to the case of Nehemiah mentioned below.
Box Fix and Rodriguez claim that Nehemiah sending away foreign women from "Ashdod, Ammon and Moab" (Nehemiah 13:23) proves that females from Moab and Ammon were forbidden.
The whole argument against RuthÂ revolves around the prohibition against accepting Ammonites or Moabites into the Assembly of Israel (Deuteronomy 23:3-6).
The Sages explained that Oral Tradition exempted females from this interdiction and only applied to the males.
This involves an acceptance of authority held by the Sages (Deuteronomy 17:8-13). Fix and JR and all the rest (for ideological and religious reasons) do not want to accept this.
They use the case of Nehemiah to argue that no such exemption existed in his time.
We present the general Biblical and historical context of Nehemiah.
We also show by a close study of the relevant verses that Nehemiah actually seems to have gone out of his way to emphasize that his actions DID NOTÂ CONTRADICT the exemption given to women from Moab and Ammon once they convert.
2. Fall of the First Temple. Exile to Babylon.
3. Return to Judah
4. The Tribes who Returned
5. Foreign Women
6. Naamah the Righteous Ammonite Woman
7. Male or Female Converts
10. Sequel to Ruth
The Righteous Convert from Moab
This article summarizes the previous ones while adding a few more relevant facts and points of interest. The whole 4 chapters of the Book of Ruth are quoted from in full.
1. The Sages Decide How Scripture Shall be Understood!
2, 3.Â Ruth was a Moabitess from the Country of Moab inhabited by her kinfolk, the Moabites
The First Chapter of Moab.
4. Ruth said that HENCEFORTH she would become like Naomi!
The Second Chapter of Moab
5. Ruth the Foreign Woman from Moab who came to cling to the GOD OF ISRAEL
The Third Chapter of Ruth
The Fourth Chapter of Ruth
6. Levirate MarriageÂ and Ruth
7. The Book of Nehemiah tells how Nehemiah expelled women "from Moab, Ammon, and Ashdod" (Nehemiah 13:23-30).
11. More Ruth
Additional Polemic Points Raised by JR and Answered by Brit-Am
Answers additional arguments that may be pertinent.
1. Geographical Terms Used as Names
2. Ruler of Moab
3. The Name Orpah versus Ophrah
4. Why did God NOT expressly say that Ammonite and Moabite Females were Exempt from the Prohibition?
5. Judges or gods or God?
6. JR Defends Catholic Scholars [who actually agree with us!]
7. Is Mexico Moab?