Answers to Questions by Yair Davidiy (26 September 2017, 6 Tishrei, 5778)
Why were there more countries part of the Allies in WWI and WWII than the amount of countries in the Central or Axis Powers?
Britain had the British Empire and Commonwealth and the USA. At one stage Britain and family were alone. All other countries were either dominated by the Axis, or neutral.
When the tides of war began to change more and more nations joined the Allies.
From a geo-political point of view one can further divide the nations of the world into the following.
A. Axis Side
1. Prime Axis Nations and Peoples:
Germany, Austria, Italy, Ethnic Germans everywhere, Ant-Semites everywhere, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia, Croatia, Ukraine, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Armenia, most Caucasus peoples, Japan, Burma, Thailand, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, most Arab nations, some (i.e. a large minority) of the Indians in India.
2. Nations with Axis inclinations that would join them if the Axis began to win and seriously looked like they might continue to do so:
Turkey, Spain, Argentina, other Latin American states.
3. Axis Occupied nations who could be forced to help the Axis i.e. all occupied nations.
4. Powerful Elements within the Catholic Church though most Catholic priests probably favored resistance to the Nazis.
Britain and company e.g. Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, other British Empire and Commonwealth members.
2. Initially Neutral but on the British side: USA.
3. Resistance groups in Axis Occupied nations and militias from those nations fighting on the Allies side e.g. Poles.Â
4. Neutral nations that on the whole were in favor of the Allies but also placated the Axis:
e.g. Sweden, Switzerland, Portugal, Ireland.
5. Jews in Palestine and elsewhere, e.g. ca. 20% of the Resistance in France was comprised of Jews.
The Allies had the greater numbers after the Battle of Britain and the entry of the USA on the Allied side. Nevertheless the Axis had quite a formidable array of helpers and fellow travelers.
Great answer, just wondering if you'd agree with me in putting Finland in the Axis list (apologies if I missed it)
Finland wanted to keep the Russian away and the Germans outside. My impression is that there was little pro-Axis sentiment just a temporary cooperation based on necessity.
Kind of the enemy of my enemy situation I think is a fair description then.
Yes but towards the end in 1944 there was a mini-war between Finland and Germany. The Fins wanted those Germans stationed in northern Finland to leave quickly without causing damage. The Germans wished to take their time and destroy what could be of military use. The Fins had the upper hand. Total losses (dead, missing, captured, women absconded etc) included about 4500 for the Fins and more than 6000 for the Germans. See: Lapland War - Wikipedia
Marcus Leiwe: Cool thanks for the link. Really helpful