Answers to Questions by Yair Davidiy
How did the Nazi target younger Jews?
After the Nazis came to power in 1933 they began the victimization and persecution of Jewish children in Germany.
Eventually those children who did not leave the country with or without their parents would be barred from school altogether.
They would then be sent to resettlement in the east meaning to their death.
Meanwhile there was an intermediate phase in which the children in Germany continued to go to school but were tormented there.
"No Milk for Little Jewesses:" The Fate of Jewish Schoolchildren from 1933 to 1942
In teaching raceology, educators denounced Jews as ugly, deceitful and fundamentally evil. Sometimes a Jewish child would be chosen as a subject and critically examined; Walter Ettinghausen gave an example of this in the January 6, 1934 edition of the News Letter:
"In the course of a lesson in raceology the teacher called out a small Jewish girl from the back of the room and proceeded to demonstrate by an object-lesson how race theory was to be applied in practice. The other children were asked to point out what were the child's characteristically Jewish traits. The nose, the curly black hair, the sallow skin, were mentioned in turn, while the wretched girl stood trembling in front of the class. The teacher, not satisfied, expressed surprise that the children could point to nothing else, and, as no further suggestions were made, challenged them: 'Can't you see her deceitful look?'"(Zoff 50).
Der Stuermer, a weekly German anti-Semitic magazine of that time period, was used as the receology text in the classroom. The Aryan propaganda it contained was analyzed and used to further illustrate the principles of Rassenkunde.
As raceology virtually brainwashed young German children into believing that they were superior, it did not take long for them to grasp that Jews were "the enemy." Their impressionable minds absorbed the theories the adults preached, and these theories were adapted and acted out in the schoolyard. However, the torment of Jewish children by their peers went far beyond normal bullying. The October 9, 1933 edition of the Manchester Guardian contained a letter describing the torment of Jewish children in the elementary schools of Upper Schleswig, Germany:
"Jewish children must not sit on the same form with the Aryans. They are segregated. As soon as a child comes to school it gets this terrible blow. It is humiliated before the other children, made to feel different from them and inferior to them. In many of the schools in German Upper Silesia Jewish children are made to join in songs in praise of Hitler. Grievous is the lot of Jewish children in the classroom, it is yet more tragic outside in the playground. Here they are at the mercy of young Aryan barbarians. The Jewish children are excluded from the games; Aryans will not play with them. They must not touch the balls. In the kindergarten games, where every child represents some animal, the Jewish ones are made pigs. After having been made a pig for several days in succession, a little girl of six refused to go to school any more. Boys and girls who used to play with the Jews now turn their backs on them. The teachers show frozen faces to the Jewish children; they will lose their posts if they do not. Many Jewish children come home with swastikas cut in their clothes. Their books are smeared with the sign. Little Jewish girls at a school near Hindenburg had their school aprons cut into a swastika shape.I was told of a Jewish boy of thirteen who attempted to take his life because of the ordeal he had gone through in a public school in one of the principal towns of Silesia, a non-Jew told me how he saved a Jewish schoolboy from serious injury. Six Aryan savages caught a Jewish schoolfellow. They dragged him into a wooden hut in a distant street, made him kneel on nails knocked into the floor, beat him and made him shout 'Heil Hitler!'"(Zoff 49)
.... On November 15, 1939, German Jewish children were segregated from German schools. Young Jews were excluded from Dutch schools and colleges in September 1941; segregation in other countries was complete by 1942.
Numerous Jewish children attempted or committed suicide and were encouraged to do so by their German teachers most of whom were enthusiastic Nazis.