Answers to Quora Questions by Yair Davidiy (19 February, 2018, 4 Adar, 5778)
Do many settlements in Israel on the other side of the Green Line have the same kind of communist ideology as Kibbutzim?
There are at least two Kibbutzim in Judah and Samaria. They are Kfar Etsion and Rosh Tsurim. They belong to the earlier settlements. They are in the Gush Etsion bloc and are re-establishments of communities that were in existence there before 1948 but which the Arabs destroyed. There are a few other settlements built partly on the old co-operative model. [Throughout Israel the Kibbutzim are going out of fashion, closing down, or becoming privatized to some degree.] In general, in Judah and Samaria, most of the smaller townships have some degree of communal responsibility and inter-action. You also have a few official, semi-official, and unofficial smaller settlements that combine Judaism with modernistic 'New Age' 'hippy'- type approaches. People come up with an idea, get together, get others interested, and sometimes succeed in putting it into practice. For those who are interested the relatively large settlement of 'Bat-Ayin' is an example of a successful application of this approach.
'In 2013, there were about 200 families, many of them residing as tenants, in Bat Ayin. The majority of the residents are religious-zionist and Chardal Jews who adhere to a philosophy that combines spiritual religious life with organic agriculture, with Hasidic Breslov the predominate affiliation. Social norms are rigid, and some young people tend to leave..
Bat Ayin Orthodoxy is popularly known as "Chavakuk" (Hebrew, " ), an acronym for Chabad, Breslov, (Rabbi Abraham Isaac) Kook, and (Shlomo) Carlebach. There is a Chabad Lubavitch community, as well.
The Bat Ayin community includes doctors, builders, plumbers, electricians, and psychologists...
The area around Bat Ayin is rich in natural springs, (Heb. ma'ayanot), and one is used as a mikvah. There is also an ancient mikvah from the times of the second Temple that is not in use.
The Bat Ayin Yeshiva is an institution of advanced Jewish learning for men offering two main programs: a Beit Midrash study program and a Smicha program for rabbinical ordination.
Midreshet B'erot Bat Ayin offers women's programs, a conversion program, and seminars..
The rabbi of Bat Ayin is Daniel Kohn, who holds a BA in comparative religion from Columbia University and received rabbinic ordination from the Chief Rabbinate of Israel. He co-founded the Bat Ayin Yeshiva, and served as co-Rosh Yeshiva for nine years.