Answers to Questions by Yair Davidiy (26 September 2017, 6 Tishrei, 5778)
Are non-Jews second class citizens in Israel?
In principle and also legally there is no distinction between Jewish and non-Jewish citizens.
In practice it all depends:
Non-Jews according to the Halachah such as they whose mothers are Gentiles or non-Jewish immigrants from Russia and region suffer no discrimination.
They may however be barred for security reasons from certain tasks. This is despite the fact that one of the country's major military leaders allegedly fell into that category.
Bedouin and Arabs even if they are citizens will be discriminated against to a moderate degree mainly for security reasons.
The same could apply to Druze and Circassians but usually much less so.
Not only are there distinctions between Jews and non-Jews but also between Jews.
It should be noted that in the past Sephardic (non-Ashkenazic) Jews also suffered from discrimination.
They may still do so but it is now less blatant and seldom discussed.
Ethiopian Jews may be discriminated against in some quarters.
Hareidim whom one would expect to be the most Jewish are not accepted into the Civil Service which is the largest employer in Israel.
This applies even if the Hareidim served in the IDF and even if they have academic qualifications.
The Media also periodically maligns Hareidim even more than it criticizes the Arabs.
It is interesting to note that no-one on Quora seems to ask questions on these issues.
Arabs are interesting. Arabs provide an excuse to condemn Jews in general.
Â Standing up for the rights, or against lack of them, of Arabs serves as a handy cloak for Judeophobia.
Other matters are not so serviceable and so they are ignored.