Equation of Hebrew Groups with Modern Peoples
For a previous similar article with additional information on some points see:
After the death of King Solomon the Israelites divided into two kingdoms: The Kingdom of Judah comprised the Tribes of Judah, Benjamin, and eventually Levi plus a representative mixed group from all the others comprising a total of ca. 20% amongst Judah.
The remaining Tribes are referred to in the Bible as "Israel," or "Samaria," or "Joseph," or "Ephraim," or as the "Ten Tribes." They were exiled by the Assyrians and lost awareness of their ancestry. Physically however they remained more or less together and moved to the West. We identify them as significantly important elements among specific countries especially Britain (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland), and Ireland, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Canada, USA, Australia, New Zealand, part of South Africa.
Within these peoples we are able to identify the Israelite Tribes: Reuben, Simeon, Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher. Ten Tribes in all.
Which countries are these Tribes to be identified with?
A more though explanation of these Tribal identifications together with the History and Tribal groupings and a discussion confirming the identifications is to be found in our book "Hebrew Tribes."
Kingdom of Judah - Present-day Jews
The Tribe of Judah
Judah - The Jews are to be identified with the Tribes of Judah, Benjamin, and Levi, plus minority representatives of the other Tribes plus descendants of converts.
Numerous proofs show that from a Biblical and general perspective that the Jews are primarily from Judah. Here are a few:
The Jews were persecuted by the Gentiles as it had been prophesied Judah would be: Zechariah 1:15, Zechariah 8:13, Isaiah ch.53, Isaiah 42:10, Psalm 44:22.
The Jews kept the Law as it had been prophesied that Judah would: Psalms 60:9, 108:90; Genesis 49:10; Zechariah 8:23.
The Jews keep the four fasts of mourning over the Destruction of the First and Second Temples as prophesied by Zechariah 8:19.
It was prophesied that on the whole Descendants of Judah would never lose their identity (Isaiah 24:3, 49:21 Hosea 1:9. Jeremiah 3:6-7).
And many more.
King David was from Judah. The future Messiah will be a descendant of King David. The Messiah son of David will enable all descendants of Israel to know which specific Tribe they belong to.
Jews from Judah are to be found among all Jewish populations. They may be especially predominant among descendants of Lithuanian Ashkenazim, and Sephardim. Jews are known for intensity, rational legalistic faculties, Law, ability to pray and study with great concentration, Intellectual abilities.
Minority representatives of other Tribes such as Simeon, Issachar, Zebulon, Dan, Manasseh, etc., may also be found among the Jews.
Nachmanides quotes a Midrash to the effect that ca. 20% of the Jews who returned from Babylon were from the 10 Tribes.
# ...THEY REPRESENTED ONLY A SMALL PORTION OF THEIR TRIBE. THESE ARE THEY WHO RETURNED UNDER EZRA WITH THE JEWS FROM BABYLON. THEY WERE NOT EXPRESSLY MENTIONED BY THEIR TRIBES SINCE THEY WERE ATTACHED TO JUDAH. THEY ALL SETTLED IN THE CITIES OF JUDAH. THERE WAS NO REDEMPTION FOR THE TEN TRIBES WHO REMAINED IN EXILE. # (Nachmanides, "Book of Redemption," pt. 1).
Some Persian Jews claim to be descendants of Ephraim.
Former Israeli Knesset member Ayoob Kara (himself a Druze) speculated that the Druze are descended from one of the Lost Tribes of Israel, probably Zevulun. Traditionally Druze claim descent from Yitro (Jethro) the Midianite father-in-law of Moses wno converted and attached himself to the Israelites.
Some Jewish familes from Tunisia claimed descent (for ca. 15% of them all) from the Tribe of Zebulon.
Some Jews of Morocco claimed partial descent from Ephraim.
Some Jews of Yeman say their community was partly descended from the Ten Tribes and partly from Judah, but others of them disagree with this.
Jews of Ethiopia considered themselves Ethiopian converts to Judaism. Outsiders suggested they descend from Dan. = They themselves did not.
According to Jewish Legend the Rechabites (descended from Jethro) were to be found alongside the Ten Tribes in the Sacred Isles to the West meaning either Britain or Ireland.
The Tribe of Benjamin
Benjamin - Jews, mainly Ashkenazi, especially Galicia (Hasidim), and maybe German Jews. They are more emotional, mystical, instinctively gifted, and loyal to Judah.
There were also some of Benjamin intermixed with the Ten Tribes. The Normans who conquered England in1066 may have partly been derived from Benjamin.
The Tribe of Levi.
Levi - This includes both Priests (Cohens) descednants of Aharan the brother of Moses, and ordinary Levites.
Descendants of Levi are found throughout the Jewish population, especially Religious scholars. This was predicted in Deuteronomy 17: 9 SO YOU SHALL COME TO THE LEVITICAL PRIEST OR THE JUDGE WHO IS IN OFFICE IN THOSE DAYS. In Hebrew it says "El Ha-Kohanim, Ha-Laviim, ve el-Ha-Shoftet," i.e. "TO THE COHENS, THE LEVITES, AND TO THE JUDGE." We have here the assumed future typical cases of religious-legal adjudication where with a board of 3 judges, 2 pf them will be from the Tribe of Levi (Cohens and Levis) and one from another Tribe. This implies that many leading Rabbinical legal authorities would belong to Cohen or Levite families. Such indeed has been the case throughout Jewish History.
Moses was also from Levi. An offshoot group from Levi was known as "The Children of Moses." They were said to be, in part, with the Ten Tribes in the west, in Gaul (France and Belgium). From there they may have moved into Britain, possibly to Wales. There was also an offshoot of Levi (known in Ancient Times as "Levi" or "Laevi") in Lombardy, northern Italy together with the Headobards, from Ohad of the Tribe of Simeon. This brings us to the Ten Tribes of whom Simeon was part.
Lost Ten Tribes
Simeon is spoken of as having shared the fate of the Lost Ten Tribes who were exiled and is counted amongst them (2-Chronicles 34:6).
Simeon like his brother Levi, was to be scattered among the other Tribes.
SIMEON AND LEVI ARE BROTHERS,
WEAPONS OF VIOLENCE ARE THEIR MEANS OF LIVING...
I WILL DIVIDE THEM IN JACOB
AND SCATTER THEM IN ISRAEL.
The Khazars were also part of the Ten Tribes. They converted to Judaism in ca. 750-800 CE and were partly from Simeon, partly from Manasseh, and also from other Tribes.
Minority elements of Simeon are found in Brittany, France (Samnetes), Ireland (Semuen), Wales (Silures- Saul), England (Simeni, Iceni- Yacin, Boudicca the famous red-haried female leader of the Nartive British agaisnt Rome belonged to the Iceni Tribe in what is now east England. The Iceni either adjoined, or were also known as, the Simeni. The Simeni are named after Simeon, and the Iceni after the Yacini a clan of Simeon. Another group from Simeon, the Semnones, were associated with the Angles and Saxons who invaded England in the 400s-500s CE.). In Northern Italy were found the Headobards from Ohad of Siomeon. These were otherwise known as the Lombards and had once been associated with the Angles before the Angle and Saxon invasion of England. It has been suggested that Simeon was especially present among the Irish. The color of Simeon was green like that of the Irish. Descendants of Simeon were known as mercenaries, policemen, teachers, beggars (fund-raisers).
Rueben and Joseph.
France, Britain, and the USA
France. Reuben was the first born.
1-Chronicles (NKJV) 5:1 NOW THE SONS OF REUBEN THE FIRSTBORN OF ISRAEL —he was indeed the Firstborn, BUT BECAUSE HE DEFILED HIS FATHER’S BED, HIS BIRTHRIGHT WAS GIVEN TO THE SONS OF JOSEPH, THE SON OF ISRAEL, SO THAT THE GENEALOGY IS NOT LISTED ACCORDING TO THE BIRTHRIGHT; 2 YET JUDAH PREVAILED OVER HIS BROTHERS, AND FROM HIM CAME A RULER, ALTHOUGH THE BIRTHRIGHT WAS JOSEPH’S — 3 THE SONS OF REUBEN THE FIRSTBORN OF ISRAEL WERE HANOCH, PALLU, HEZRON, AND CARMI.
The Tribe of Reuben had originally settled east of the Jordan in the Land of Gilead (Joshua 22:9). [In French translations of the Bible the Hebrew 'Gilead' is rendered as 'Galaad.'] France in Hebrew is "Tsarafat." The Prophet Obadiah (1:18) spoke of Tsarafat ("Zarapheth") and refered to the Lost Ten Tribes being there. This is according to the text in Hebrew and as confirmed by Rabbinical commentators (e.g. Rashi). The Galati (Galadi) in Gaul (France) were Celts from Gilead east of the Jordan, the area of Reuben. The Ribuari Franks from Reuben gave their name to France. The Chassuari (Chattuari) Franks descended from Hestsron [Hezron] of Reuben. Names associated with Reuben are founded among peoples who settled in France.
According to a Midrash (Numbers Rabah 2;5) the symbol of Reuben was a mandrake plant. Reuben had found mandrakes in the field and brought them to his mother Leah (Genesis 30:14). Leah used these mandrakes to "hire" the attentions of her husband away from Rachel. Mandrakes, traditionally, had aphrodisiac qualities. Reuben is recalled as once having acted irregularly with Bilhah, the concubine of his father (Genesis 35:22). Reuben was romantic, so are the French. One of the Clans of Reuben was "Carmi" whose name in Hebrew means "My Vineyard." France is known for its vineyards, good wines and expert wine-makers. Characteristics of Reuben parallel those of the French.
Reuben was the first son. The Nation of Reuben was France. France was also at times controlled by Edom as were other Israelite Nations. The Present-Day Exile is known as the Exile of Edom. We are still in it. This will be discussed elsewhere. Nevertheless, the Promises to Israel had to be fulfilled at some level. They were irrevocable and part of the reason for the Ten Tribes being exiled. France was the first Israelite Nation to become great. The French Revolution followed by the Era of Napoleon changed the world. They established the innate rights of man and also the principle of rationalization in government and science. This is what the Modern World is built on. Reuben started the process of Reform and Humanization (basic kindness) as befits the First Son. The French Empire was also very extensive. France had colonies in North America, (Quebec, Louisiana), the Caribean, Africa, the Pacific and Indian Oceans and in Asia. Just as Joseph (Britain and America) helped reform the world and elevate the nations, so did France.
Bible Codes show the Hebrew name for France ("Tsarafat" - sometimes transliterated as "Zaraphath") interlocked with Clans of Reuben.
Tribes of Joseph.
Abraham had been blessed, "I WILL MAKE YOU EXCEEDINGLY FRUITFUL; AND I WILL MAKE NATIONS OF YOU, AND KINGS SHALL COME FROM YOU" (Genesis 17:6).
"ABRAHAM SHALL SURELY BECOME A GREAT AND MIGHTY NATION, AND ALL THE NATIONS OF THE EARTH SHALL BE BLESSED IN HIM. FOR I KNOW HIM THAT HE WILL COMMAND HIS CHILDREN AND HIS HOUSE AFTER HIM, AND THEY SHALL KEEP THE WAY OF THE LORD TO DO JUSTICE AND JUDGEMENT; THAT THE LORD MAY BRING UPON ABRAHAM THAT WHICH HE HATH SPOKEN OF HIM" (Genesis 18:18-19).
The blessings were IRREVERSIBLE. They could not be annulled for reason of the promise given to Abraham,
BY MYSELF I HAVE SWORN, SAYS THE LORD, IN BLESSING I WILL BLESS YOU, AND MULTIPLYING I WILL MULTIPLY YOUR DESCENDANTS AS THE STARS OF THE HEAVEN AND AS THE SAND WHICH IS ON THE SEASHORE; AND YOUR DESCENDANTS SHALL POSSESS THE GATE OF THEIR ENEMIES (Genesis 22:16-17).
The irrevocability of the promises was repeated to Jacob (Genesis 28:13-15).
This aspect of the blessings was confirmed in the Prophecy of Bilaam:
Numbers 23:19 GOD IS NOT A MAN, THAT HE SHOULD LIE, NOR A SON OF MAN, THAT HE SHOULD REPENT. HAS HE SAID, AND WILL HE NOT DO? OR HAS HE SPOKEN, AND WILL HE NOT MAKE IT GOOD?
20 BEHOLD, I HAVE RECEIVED A COMMAND TO BLESS; HE HAS BLESSED, AND I CANNOT REVERSE IT.
21 HE HAS NOT OBSERVED INIQUITY IN JACOB, NOR HAS HE SEEN WICKEDNESS IN ISRAEL. THE LORD HIS GOD IS WITH HIM, AND THE SHOUT OF A KING IS AMONG THEM.
Abraham begat Isaac and the blessing was passed to him.
"MY COVENANT WILL I ESTABLISH WITH ISAAC" (Genesis 17:21); cf. "IN ISAAC SHALL YOUR SEED BE CALLED" (Genesis 21:21), cf. Genesis 22:2.
Jacob received the blessing from Isaac.
Jacob was blessed, BE FRUITFUL AND MULTIPLY; A NATION AND A COMPANY OF NATIONS SHALL PROCEED FROM YOU, AND KINGS SHALL COME FROM YOUR BODY (Genesis 35:11). Note that "A NATION AND A COMPANY OF NATIONS" meaning the USA and British Commonwealth.
The two sons of Joseph were Ephraim and Manasseh who became Tribes in their own right.
Joseph received the blessing from Isaac who blessed the two sons of Joseph, Ephraim and Manasseh. He indicated that Ephraim would be earlier and the blessing of Manasseh come later.
Genesis (NASB) 48:5 NOW YOUR TWO SONS, WHO WERE BORN TO YOU IN THE LAND OF EGYPT BEFORE I CAME TO YOU IN EGYPT, ARE MINE; EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH SHALL BE MINE, AS REUBEN AND SIMEON ARE.
This means that there were actually 13 Tribes but a quorum of 12 is maintained by either counting Ephraim and Manasseh as the one Tribe of Joseph; or by not counting Levi (who did not receive his own territory but was scattered among the other Tribes), or some other stratagem.
We identify Britain and its offshoots with Ephraim and the USA with Manasseh. Nevetheless the two halves have many aspects of the other.
Joseph had been the virtual ruler of Egypt, Joseph saved much of the world from famine (Genesis 41:57). He changed the Egyptian economic and social order (Gen. 47:19-26). Joseph was unknown to his brothers at first and not identified by them (Gen. 42:8). They referred to him as, "The man, the lord of the country" (Genesis 42:33). This situation had been necessary in order for Joseph to fulfill that task allocated to him by Divine Providence, "GOD MEANT IT UNTO GOOD, TO BRING TO PASS AS IT IS THIS DAY, TO SAVE MUCH PEOPLE ALIVE" (Genesis 50:20). Similarly, the goal required of the Lost Ten Tribes needed that their membership in Spiritual Israel (and therefore their obligations under the Mosaic Law) be temporarily suspended. Joseph was a prototype for the Lost Ten Tribes.
Moses blessed Joseph (Deuteronomy 33:17) that HIS GLORY BE LIKE THE FIRSTLING OF HIS BULL (Hebrew: "Shor") AND HIS HORNS AS THE HORN(S) OF UNICORNS. England is nicknamed "John Bull" and the unicorn appears on the British Coat-of-Arms.
According to the Midrash (Numbers Rabah. 2;5) the symbol of Joseph was a picture representing Egypt. The Great Seal of America (shown on every Dollar bill) has a pyramid. Egypt universally can be recognized only by the picture of a sphinx or one of a pyramid. Above the pyramid is depicted an eye. Jacob said that Joseph "IS A FRUITFUL BOUGH, A FRUITFUL BOUGH BY A WELL; WHOSE BRANCHES RUN OVER THE WALL" (Genesis 49:22). "A FRUITFUL BOUGH": In Hebrew is "Ben Porat" which can also mean "A Powerfully Fertile Son" or "A Son of Power." In the Hebrew Bible when several meanings are possible it is often deliberate and ALL the different meanings are intended.
"BY A WELL": In Hebrew: "ali ayin" which can also mean "The Eye (ayin) above (ali)," i.e. The Eye of Providence.
The Tribe of Ephraim is to be found in Britain (especially England), and its daughter nations (Australia, New Zealand, Canada).
18 I HAVE SURELY HEARD EPHRAIM BEMOANING HIMSELF:
YOU HAVE CHASTISED ME, AND I WAS CHASTISED,
LIKE AN UNTRAINED YOUNG BULL;
RESTORE ME, AND I WILL RETURN,
FOR YOU ARE THE LORD MY GOD.
The word in Hebrew for the nick-name given to Joseph, "Young Bull," is Aegel. This name "AEGLE" was a term applied to the Angli (who gave their name to England.
The Angli were also known as Aegli which in Hebrew means "Bull-Calf" and was a nickname for Ephraim (Rashi on Jeremiah 31:8).
Ephraim was younger than Manasseh yet he received a greater blessing than Manasseh. Jacob blessed Ephraim and Manasseh,
"THE ANGEL WHICH REDEEMED ME FROM ALL EVIL, BLESS THE LADS; AND LET MY NAME BE NAMED ON THEM, AND THE NAME OF MY FATHERS ABRAHAM AND ISAAC; AND LET THEM GROW INTO A MULTITUDE IN THE MIDST OF THE EARTH" (Genesis 48:16).
"AND HE BLESSED THEM THAT DAY, SAYING, IN THEE SHALL ISRAEL BLESS SAYING, GOD MAKE THEE AS EPHRAIM AND AS MANASSEH: AND HE SET EPHRAIM BEFORE MANASSEH" (Genesis 48:20).
The Predominance of Ephraim is repeated in Jeremiah (31:9), "I AM A FATHER TO ISRAEL, AND EPHRAIM IS MY FIRSTBORN." The Promised Blessings were unconditional, "BY MYSELF HATH I SWORN, SAITH THE LORD... THAT IN BLESSING I WILL BLESS THEE AND IN MULTIPLYING I WILL MULTIPLY THY SEED..." (Genesis 28:15). "GOD IS NOT A MAN NEITHER THE SON OF MAN THAT HE SHOULD REPENT. HE HATH BLESSED AND I CANNOT REVERSE IT" (Numbers 23:19-20).
Angles- England - Aegel Land Bull Calf John Bull Blessings to Joseph and Ephraim.
A member of the Tribe of Ephraim was called an "Ephrati." This name also means "aristocrat" and Britain is a country where aristocracy still exists and has importance.
Manassseh came to dominate the USA.
The British Isles were dominated by the Tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. Most of the early colonists of the USA came from areas in Britain where Manasseh was predominant. The immigrants to America from Germany were descendants of Manasseh who had remained separate from the Germans who remained behind.
The name "Manasseh" (says Rabbi Shimshon Raphael Hirsch) in Hebrew connotes Responsible Representation which principle is embodied in the US Constitution.
The firstborn son of Mansseh was Machir. The name "America" derives from a Medieval Latinized pronunciation of the Name "Machir" or "Ha-Machiri" i.e. "Descendants of Machir." In Hebrew "Machir" also means "Selling" i.e. the Principle of Capitalism and the USA is the foremost Capitalist nation on earth. In reflects something of the American National Character.
We identify the Tribe of Issachar with Switzerland and Finland.
On the map of Israelite Tribes in Europe these two countries are actually adjoining neighbors when the intervening non-Israelite areas are removed.
The People of Finland are of several types. One section is of Swedish origin. Another entered the country at a late date possibly ca. 700 CE. They came from an area by the Ural River once associated with the Khazars. They claim that their language has similarities to Hebrew and that they have both Jewish and Hebrew customs.
The Finnish word for Father is 'Isa.' Only in Finnish is this word found. A number of people in Finland believe they are descended from Issachar. They say that their word for father, "isa," is short for Issachar. Many Finns had a tradition that they were descended from the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel. The name of the southern Finnish province of Mikeli is reminiscent of MICHAEL (1-Chronicles 7:3) one of the heads of the Clans of Issachar. Two other minor sub-clans of Issachar, Yahmay (Jachmai) and Yivsam (Jibsom), brothers of Michael, may be recalled in the Finnish Provinces of Kym and Uusima, both south of Mikeli in Finland.
, e.g. the Finns kept, like Jews, Saturday as the Sabbath. 'Mammi,'' Finnish unleavened bread, is eaten at Easter which is supposed to be at Passover. The nomenclature of fabrics and home items reflect Hebrew or Jewish origins. An old wedding tradition (still carried out in Finland in the 20th century) exists where the bridal couple stand under a canopy called in Finnish a huppu. This is similar to Jewish weddings where the couple also stand under a canopy called in Hebrew a "huppah" (chuppah). And other points.
Switzerland is a nation of mixed origins. Switzerland has a dark side being the home of Anti-Jewish activists and political thinkers. Nevertheless, Israelite characteristics also exist and to some degree often predominate.
In the Book of Chronicles (1-Chronicles12:32) is found the expression, "And of the children of Issachar were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do." This was understood by the Sages (Talmud, Baba Kama 2b; Rashi on Deuteronomy 33:18) to refer to expertise in astronomical subjects and in computing the calendar, which requires great skill and precision. Switzerland is famous for its watches. "It works like a Swiss watch," means that it works well with reliability and precision. In one sense Swiss watches could be said to give "understanding of the times" to all the world.
Don Isaac ABARBANEL (1437-1508), said that Issachar loves rest. He is unwarlike and prefers to pay others to fight for him. [Despite this he can when necessary be very capable at war.] Issachar is a merchant by nature and lacks the "Monarchic" touch, i.e. he is a Republican. Many of his people are of a peasant's disposition and inclined to work the land. In addition, says the Don, from out of the sons of Issachar were also to come wise men with an aptitude for intellectual pursuits and of philosophical bent. A Talmudic source (Sifrei) says that only from the Tribes of Judah, Levi, and Issachar were destined to emerge Sages capable of determining what the Practical Application of the Law should be. This implies Legalistic inclinations in both the theoretical and applicable spheres.
This description to some degree is applicable to both Switzerland and Finland.
Zebulun - the Netherlands.
14 AND THE SONS OF ZEBULON; SERED, AND ELON, AND JAHLEEL.
The name Zebulon is found in the Sabalingoi who from Frisia apparently later moved deeper into the Netherlands. Sabalingoi is a Nordic pronunciation of Zabalun-goi i.e. the People of Zebulon.
Sered was found in the Suardone, Suarini of the Netherlands. Elon may be reflected in the name Holland, Jahleel is pronounced as "YaChliel and may have re-emerged as the Chali of the Netherlands.
The symbol of Holland was a ship in popular tradition1 and a ship was the symbol of the former Dutch Republic. A ship was also the symbol of Zebulon (Midrash Numbers Rabah 2;5).
Deuteronomy (NKJV) 33:
18 AND OF ZEBULUN HE SAID:
REJOICE, ZEBULUN, IN YOUR GOING OUT,
... FOR THEY SHALL PARTAKE OF THE ABUNDANCE OF THE SEAS
AND OF TREASURES HIDDEN IN THE SAND.
Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe and second biggest in the world.
Jacob prophesied "Zebulon shall dwell on the shores of the sea and he shall be for an haven for ships; and his border shall be unto Sidon" (Genesis 49:13). Sidon (or "Zidon"), was a term applied to areas in Northwestern Germany adjoining the Netherlands.
About one-third of the Netherland is below sea-level, another third needs protection from sea flooding. Most of the people live on reclaimed sea-lands. The sub-soil is mostly sea-sand. The Netherlands survives using dams, and ykes, channels, and wind-mills to keep pumping the water out.
Only the Dutch dwell "on the Shores of the Sea."
Dan - Denmark
The name Denmark means "border (mark) of Dan."
The Danes refer to their forefather as "Dan the Great."
Another segment of Dan is found in Ireland where the trbie of Dana settled in the Bronze Age and after that many of the Danes in Viking Times.
Dan Was a Warrior! The Commentator Rabbi Abraham Iben Ezra (1089 - 1164) opined that Dan and Judah were the greatest warrior tribes. That is why when they marched forward Judah was in the front and Dan in the rear (Iben Ezra Numbers 1:19). Their task was to take the brunt of the battle and to protect the rest of Israel.
The name "Dan" in Hebrew means judgment connoting a legalistic frame of mind. An unattributed Internet article, "5 Danish traits you should embrace to improve your life," lists the following characteristics of Danish people:
Respect. The Danes are so respectful of other peoples privacy...
Straightforwardness. The Danes cut to the point....
Openness & honesty. The Danes rarely hide their opinion...
Punctuality. ... Appointments are what they mean.... meetings must last the minimum necessary time.
Humor. They say that the birthplace of sarcasm is Denmark!
These qualities all reflect the quality of Judgment.
Moses had blessed the Tribe of Dan: "Dan is a lion's whelp, he shall leap from Bashan" (Deuteronomy 33:22). The Bashan in Biblical times was to the northeast of Israel. Here too we find elements from Dan settling. The Bashan was also known as Basil which was later another name for Scandinavia.
The Blessing of Moses may therefore be understood to mean that ultimately a section of the Tribe of Dan would be found in Scandinavia!
"Why did DAN remain in ships?" (Judges 6:7) asked the Prophetess Deborah.
Denmark is the worlds fifth largest maritime shipping nation!
Naphtali - Norway.
There was a people known as the Naphtalites who disappeared in about 400 CE. They are sometimes identified with groups who later invaded India but it can be argued that these were a different entity and that the original Naphtalites invaded what is now Norway in the 500s and 600s CE.
The Naphtalites were identified with the Tribe of Naphtali.
S. G. OLSEN quotes DALIN, "Svea Rikes Historia" (1747-1762) to the effect that Scandinavia was populated by the Scythian peoples Vodini (Budini), Geloni, and Neuri. Norway was named after the Neuri. The Neuri are described as "a mixture of Scythians, Greeks, and Hebrews." Amongst the Neuri "were to be found remnants from the Ten Tribes of Israel whom Salmanassar, the king of Assyria, took captive from Canaan." The Neuri, according to DALIN, derived their name from "Nuori" which in the Lapp and Finnish tongues means "son" and originally came from the Hebrew "Naar" connoting "youth."
Norway has about 5,500,000 inhabitants. According to UN reports Norway for several years running was considered to have the best standard of living in the world and is still in the running. Norwegian prosperity is based on farming, fishing, and petroleum resources.
"THE RIVER WHICH SINCE THE END OF WORLD WAR-II MARKS THE BORDER BETWEEN NORWAY AND RUSSIA IS CALLED "GRANSE JAKOBS ELV' WHICH MEANS 'THE RIVER OF JACOB'S BORDER.' " ORJAN SVENNSON.
In Biblical Times the Tribe of Naphtali was located on the shores of the Sea of Galilee and supplemented their income by fishing. In Norway fishing was also very important. Nowadays Norway is rich thanks to offshore petroleum deposits. The Name NAFTALI in Hebrew Lettering also spells NaFT-Eli meaning literally " Petroleum [NeFT] from My God!"
Gad - Sweden.
Sweden came into existence when the Svea united with the Goths in Sweden. The name "Goth" is another form of the term "Gad" and the two names are interchangeable. The Sevea were also known as "Suions" whose name is similar to Suon a son of Gad.
Other names of the sons of Gad included the Arodi and Areli which were also the names of important groups in Scandinavia and Sweden. The Areli became the Eruli, Heruli. The Arodi were found in the Harudi, Hread-Goths or Hrodgoths.
The name Gad" in Hebrew is from the word-root "Gedud" connoting "group." The Swedes hold the group to be important. They are not enthusiastic regarding individual leadership. They prefer group decisions.
Asher - Ireland
We identify the Tribe of Asher with the Vandals of history and also with the present-day Irish and elements in Scandinavia.
Ireland (outside of ulster) is dominated by the Tribes of Asher and Dan, especially the first.
The name Asher in Hebrew derived from a root connoting happiness. Many of the Irish have an innate natural happy attitude. They are known all over the world for it. The Irish are often smiling. There is even a famous song about it by Chauncey Olcott and George Graff, Jr., in the USA (1912), music by Ernest Ball.
When Irish Eyes Are Smiling, sure 'tis like a morn in spring.
In the lilt of Irish laughter you can hear the angels sing,
The name Asher as well as meaning "happy" also connotes healthy, wealthy. Asher was also found as "As, Aseir" in Scandinavia.
Just after the Blessing of Moses to Asher we find the following.
Deuteronomy 33:29 HAPPY ARE YOU [Hebrew: "Ashreca" hinting at the Tribe of Asher], O ISRAEL! WHO IS LIKE YOU, A PEOPLE SAVED BY THE LORD, THE SHIELD OF YOUR HELP, AND THE SWORD OF YOUR MAJESTY! YOUR ENEMIES SHALL SUBMIT TO YOU, AND YOU SHALL TREAD DOWN THEIR HIGH PLACES.
This blessing is applied to all Israelites but its placement in conjunction with the words to Asher and the expression "Ashreca" containing the name "Asher" indicate that the Tribe of Asher was especially intended.
The Tribe of Asher were to include warriors. The Irish are a warrior people. About a third of the British Imperial forces were Irishmen.
General Sir Richard Nugent O'CONNOR (1889-1981) was a British Army general who commanded the Western Desert Force in the early years of World War 2. His forces completely destroyed a much larger Italian army and nearly drove the Axis from Africa.
Tyson Fury is Irish and he is the present (2022) World Heavyweight Champion having won the title in 2020..