Identifications with Modern Peoples in a Nutshell.
Duration: 21.26 minutes.
Duration: 12.48 minutes
Brit-Am/Hebrew Awareness is concerned with proving the Lost Ten Tribes to be among Western Peoples.
We use some existing proofs revealed in the past by others, after we have confirmed them for ourselves.
We add to all these with evidence of our own. Our sources include the Hebrew Bible, Rabbinical Studies, Mythology, Archaeology, Linguistics, History, anything that is relevant.
We receive evidence and insights, process it, compare it, correlate it to other proofs, and consider its implications.
One of our major breakthroughs, for which we are widely known, was identifying Israelite Tribes with existing Western Nations.
We have written a book, "The Tribes," exploring these identifications in depth. The Tribes is out of print. It will be replaced with two other works, with the titles (tentative) "Hebrew Tribes," and "Hebrew Countries."
The present article outlines in a nutshell what led us to make the identifying equations that we did.
First of all we showed how in general the Lost Ten Tribes reached Western Europe. In order to determine which peoples in those areas are from Israel and which are not we used Criteria of our own.
Criteria Defined! The Seven Wondrous Yardsticks of Israel
The Brit-Am Criteria may be summarized as:
1. Blessings in Scripture.
2. Other Indications of Scripture.
3. Groundwork: Historical, Archaeological, and Related Proofs showing paths of migration.
4. Judah: Affinity with the Jews.
5. Civilized and Civilizing.
6. Family Connection. ... Ethnic links to at least one of those already been identified.
7. Tribal Affiliation. identifiable as one or more of the Israelite Tribes.
Here are some of the Brit-Am Identification Results in Very Brief Outline, according to the order of their Encampment in the Wilderness, Numbers ch 2.
Judah is to be found among the Jews together with Benjamin and Levi and minorities from the other Tribes. Judah became the Jewish People. Numerous Proofs from Scripture and elsewhere confirm the identification of the Jews with Judah:
Judah will always be Recognizable! Genesis 49: 10, Judah was to Keep and Develop the Law: Psalms 60:9, 108:90; Genesis 49:10; Zechariah 8:19, 23.
Judah in Exile was to be persecuted: Zechariah 1:15, Zechariah 8:13, Isaiah ch.53, Isaiah 42:10, Psalm 44:22.
The Jews will have kept the four fasts lamenting Destruction of the Temple (Zechariah 8:19).
The Jews will be known as Israel (Isaiah 48:1).
25 Jewish Identifiers
Issachar is to be found among both the Fins and Swiss. If on a map of Europe we remove all non-Israelite Nations and cram the Israelites together then the Swiss and Fins adjoin each other. The name for father in Finish is "Isa" said to be short for Issachar.
Finish provinces recall the sons of Issachar. The Finish province of Mikeli is reminiscent of MICHAEL (1-Chronicles 7:3) one of the heads of the Clans of Issachar. Two other minor sub-clans of Issachar, Yahmay (Jachmai) and Yivsam (Jibsom), brothers of Michael, may be recalled in the Finish Provinces of Kym and Uusima. Traditions and practices of the Fins were similar to those of Ancient Israel.
In Switzerland were the Vennontes people, the Peone Alps and Phaniana city all descendants of the PUNI of Issachar. There were also the Isarci which is a permutation of the name Issachar. Other names connected with Issachar were also found.
Issachar was described as (like his brother Zebulon) attractive to foreigners with whom he traded, of a neutral-inclination, and a middle-man, producing wise men with an aptitude for intellectual pursuits and of a philosophical legalistic bent, as well as having the disposition of a hard-working peasant. This all fits the Swiss. Issachar was known for having "understanding of the times" (1-Chronicles12:32, cf. Swiss watches) and for astronomical expertise.
Zebulon is identifiable with the Netherlands. The symbol of Zebulon was a ship and this was a traditional symbol of the former Dutch Republic.
ZEBULON SHALL DWELL AT THE HAVEN OF THE SEA AND HE SHALL BE FOR AN HAVEN OF SHIPS (Genesis 49:13). The expression, "dwell at the haven of the sea" according to the HEBREW original ("Hof-yamim") may be preferably translated as "dwell on the SHORES of the Sea" . The only nation in the world whose population is known for dwelling extensively on reclaimed sea-land, literally, "On the shores of the sea," is the Netherlands. This description applies in some way or other to up to two-thirds of the Dutch people. Nearly All the subsoil in inhabited areas is sea-sand. The Netherlands is the hub of Europe for sea-traffic. Rotterdam is the second busiest port in the world.
"Suck of the abundance of the seas and of treasures hid in the sands" (Deuteronomy 33:19).
13 Zebulun shall dwell on the Shores of the Sea; and He shall become a haven for ships, And his border shall adjoin Sidon.
The Netherlands adjoins areas of West Germany where place-names indicate the former presence of Phoenicians from SIDON!
In Northern Frisia the Geography of Ptolemy (ca. 100-170 CE) noted the presence of a people known as "Sabalingoi" i.e. "People ['goi'] of Zebulon!" From this area there was later a movement of peoples into the Netherlands. We therefore have a people whose name means "People of Zebulon" settling in the Netherlands! Other names of the Sons of Zebulon are similar to those of entities within the Netherlands area.
Frisian legends indicate an Israelite origin.
Numbers 2:3-7 lists Judah, Issachar, and Zebulon in the one group. All three of them have internationalist mercantile proclivities and similar attitudes.
Reuben - France. Ribuari (Sons of Reuben) Franks; Galati-Galadi (from Gilead the previous home-territory of Reuben). Sons of Reuben also had names similar to entities prominent in French History or pertinent to France. Characteristics of the French (Romantic, quality over quantity, wine-loving, etc.) were all applicable to Reuben.
Gad - Goths and Swedes. Goth in Biblical Hebrew is another way of pronouncing "Gad." Swedes also known as Suione similar to Shuni a son of Gad. Other sons of Gad (Numbers 26:15) also found in Scandinavia (Arodi, Areli, Ziphion) in Scandinavia and France (Haggi). Goths were also prominent in France. Characteristics of Gad were those of the Swedes e.g. dominance of the group over the individual, etc.
Simeon - Scattered as prophesied, present among the Jews, also found in Ireland, Wales, England, Brittany (France). Identified by Tribal names such as Semoni, Semuen, Identifications confirmed by other evidence, e.g. Semeni (cf. Simeon) of east England (in Celtic time) also known as Ikeni (after Yachin son of Simeon), etc.
Reuben, Gad, and Simeon were grouped together (Numbers 2:10-14) and so we find them converging once again in France.
Ephraim is identified with the British and their offshoots in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. Many descendants of Ephraim are also in the USA.
The Tribe of Ephraim had been nicknamed "Bull-calf" (Rashi on Jeremiah 31:18) since Joseph was likened unto a bull (Genesis 33:17). Jeremiah 31:18 called EPHRAIM an "Aegel" meaning "Young-Bull," in Hebrew. The names AEGEL and Angle in Nordic dialects are interchangeable and it has been demonstrated that "Aegel" is the diminutive form for Angle. The name "England" ("ANgle-Land") therefore means "Land of the Bull-Calf" i.e. Land of Ephraim. "John Bull" is a nick-name for the English. Clans of Ephraim had names of peoples who settled in the British Isles.
Groups who have names similar to those of clans of Manasseh were prominent in the west and north of Britain and in Ireland.
From the west of England and from Wales, Scotland, and Ireland the United States of America received approximately eighty-seven percent (sic. 87%) of its British immigrants in its formative period. In other words, early American society was formed largely by groups from the Tribe of Manasseh. Even today, more than half the white population of the USA may trace its ancestry back to Britain and Ireland with the British side being slightly larger than that of Northern and Southern Irish origin. These people, descendants of Manasseh, still remain the determining factor in North America. The genealogist Linda Merle, has expressed her impressions that not only did the early migrants to America come from specific areas BUT also they had usually belonged to definable social groups or to no definable group but one of their own. Under the semi-feudal social order that had previously prevailed many had remained outside of the system. They appear to have remained distinct from the rest of the population. In a Tribal sense, they could well have pertained to separate elements. A similar scenario existed in other parts of Europe .
From the 1700s onwards millions of people from Germany emigrated to the USA. They were different from the Germans who stayed behind. We identify the migrants with Manasseh.
Tacitus ("Germania" 2) described the "Germans" of his time, meaning largely Anglo-Saxon, Scandinavian, and Frankish groups who were ultimately to evacuate the geographical region of Germany. He wrote that they had a tradition of being descended from "Tuisto" and his son MANNUS. The name "MANNUS" apparently derives from the name Manasseh. There is more evidence along these same lines.
Details are to be found in our work "Hebrew Tribes."
America derives it name from Amerigo Vespucci (1451-1512) who proved that it was not part of Asia but a separate Continent. Vespucci was born in northwest Italy and was named indirectly in honor of a Jewish Noblemen who had once lived in southeast France and had had his own Principality. He was called "Americo" in Medieval Latin writings. This is derived from a permutation of the name "Ha-Macheri" meaning originally "Sons of Machir" but later used as nickname for the name Machir. This was the name of the firstborn son of Manasseh. America therefore indirectly has a name connoting "Sons of Machir." The name "Machir" in Hebrew can connote "Price" and by extension the Principle of Capitalism. The USA is the foremost Capitalist country. The very name "Manasseh" in Hebrew (according to the Commentary of Rabbi Shimshon Raphael HIRSCH, 1808-1888) can connote Delegated Responsible Representation (Genesis 41:51). This is a fundamental aspect of the North American character. The USA was created when its early settlers declared "No Taxation without Representation!" and fought against Britain for their Independence. Rabbi R. M. SHLANGER on Biblical Evidence says that the leaders of Manasseh were appointed for particular specific purposes and had a limited mandate. They were more like American Presidents than autocratic monarchs!
Ephraim and Manasseh were brothers, sons of Joseph, who was the son of Jacob by his wife Rachel. Benjamin was also the son of Jacob and Rachel.
The Midrash says that the banner of Joseph bore a picture representing Egypt. The Great Seal of the USA depicts an Egyptian Pyramid!
The Great Seal (depicted on every US dollar bill) also shows the All-Seeing Eye of Providence, just above the Pyramid of Egypt.
22 A powerful son is Joseph, a fertile son, under the Eye [of Divine Providence] of Jacob.
The word translated here as "Eye" (in Hebrew "ayin") can also mean "fountain but "eye" is more correct.
The Forefather Abraham had been blessed to become, "A great nation, and in you will all the families of the earth be blessed" (Genesis 12:2-3).
This blessing was passed to Isaac who passed it on to Jacob.
The Birthright was given to Joseph (Genesis 49:6).
"God Almighty bless you, and make you fruitful and multiply you, that you may be a Community of Peoples [Hebrew: Kahal Amim]; And give you the blessing of ABRAHAM, to you and to your seed with you" (Genesis 28:2-3).
"Judah prevailed above his brothers, and of him (comes) the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph's" (1-Chronicles 5:1-2).
Ephraim and Manasseh the sons of Joseph were both blessed but the pre-eminence went to Ephraim (Genesis 48:20, Jeremiah (31:9).
Analysis of the Biblical text shows that the blessing of Ephraim was to chronologically precede that of Manasseh and that Manasseh would emerge from Ephraim and also (according to the NATZIV) that the blessing to Manasseh be more material than that of Ephraim.
This describes what happened between the USA and Britain.
The blessings included being extremely populous, possessing the gates of their enemies (major strategic points), being in many oceans, sea-goers, possessing vast mineral and agricultural wealth, being the more powerful peoples on earth and much much more. All of this has reached fruition through Britain and its offshoots and through the USA.
All the peoples identified as derived from the Lost Ten Tribes have been blessed, each in its own way. The World Leadership however and the full force of material blessing has exemplified itself most through the USA, UK, and their offshoots. This is appropriate for the Blessing given to Joseph. The British and Americans descend from Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph.
Genealogy of the Blessings
Benjamin was to become one Tribe with Judah. Nevertheless offshoots from both Judah and Benjamin were to be found among the Ten Tribes. The Belgae in Belgium, France, southern England, and Ireland may in part have been descended from Benjamin. So too concerning the Normans who conquered England in 1066. Belah the son of Benjamin has a name that in Biblical Hebrew could have been pronounced something like "Belagh."
Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin comprised the Western Group (Numbers 2:8-23).
Dan was to be found mainly in the Danes of Denmark and in Ireland which however pertains more to Asher.
Asher was to be found among the Irish who also contain several other Israelite groups among them.
North Ireland was also from Asher but included elements from Ephraim, Manasseh, and Judah.
Naphtali was to be found partly in Ireland but was predominant in Norway.
Petroleum nowadays supplies Norway with much of its wealth.
Petroleum in Hebrew is "NeFT." The name Naphtali literally means "Petroeum [NaFT] from God [EL]!"
Dan, Asher, and Naphtali comprised the northern group. The Tribal characteristics of these Tribes as described in Rabbinic Literature fit the peoples identified.