Migrations via Spain and North Africa?
In our work "Hebrew Tribes" we identify different groups with the Israelite Tribe of Asher. Among these were found the Vandals.
The historian Procopius reported that the Vandals had come from the Sea of Azov area just north of the Black Sea by the River Don. This corresponds with the Vanes and Aseir (who later moved to Scandinavia) also having been in that area and also come from the Tribe of Asher. The Vandals moved northwards and in the first century CE were located by the Upper Vistula River in present-day Poland. In the Vistula River area the Vandals absorbed the Lygians who had "Celtic" characteristics. In archaeological terms this region is considered the homeland of the Przeworsk Culture with which the Vandals may be identified. Burgundians, Veneti, and Lygians are all associated with the Vandals and were also once in this region. The Lygian-Vandal tribes by the Vistula in Eastern Europe were the Boreoi, the Omani, and the Heissi. These names are similar to those of the sons of Asher (Beriah, Jimnah, Ishuah, and Isui, Genesis 46:17). As well as the Israelite Tribe of Asher being equated with the Vandals members of other Israeltie Tribes were with them in the same way representatives of Asher could also be found elsewhere. Other groups we identified as belonging to the Tribe of Asher included the Veneti in Brittany, France. They later moved to Britain and Ireland; The legendary VANES who had dwelt in Vanaland besides the Don River in Southern Scythia and then moved to Scandinavia; The Aseir (singular, "As") who had adjoined the Vanes by the Don River and like them moved to Scandinavia and gave rise to a portion of the Vikings.
Getting back to the Vandals,
From the Vistula Region the Vandals had moved south and for a time were subject to the Romans in Pannonia (Hungary). After 409 CE the Vandals participated in the Barbarian invasion of Roman Gaul (France). In 409 penetrated Vandals together Alans and Suevi penetrated Spain. The Vandals comprised two groups, Silingi Vandals, and Hasdinga Vandals.
The "Barbarian" invaders reached an agreement with the local Roman rulers. The Alans received rulership over Lusitania (Portugal), the Siling Vandals received Baetica (a formerly Israelite area) in the south which henceforth was renamed in their honor "Andalusia" i.e. Vandalusia. The Hasdinga Vandals with some of the Suevi got Gallaecia in the northwest. The Vandals in Gallaecia fought wars with the Suevi and incoming Goths and were displaced. Most of them moved south to Baetica joining the Siling Vandals and then moved to North Africa. Others however it has been indicated sailed to Ireland. There had been several migrations from Gallaecia to Ireland. The "Book of the Invasions of Ireland" ("Leabhar Gabhala") appears to have conflated all these movements into one and accredited them to the Milesians. Archaeology has revealed connections between Northwest Spain and Ireland from the earliest times. Both areas were dominated by Celtic culture as shown by similarities in place-names, language, fortifications. Just as Celtic Britain and Ireland received settlers from this region so too did migrants from Britain move there in the 400s CE. Similarities have been noticed between the folk-tales and legends of the region and those of Ireland. The Irish sources tell us that when the Milesians came to Ireland they spoke the same tongue as the inhabitants who were already there. On the other hand there are also words in Irish indicating contact with the Greeks, Thracians, and others who bordered on the Scythian area. The Irish legends indicate a series of migrations lasting over centuries from Gallaicia to Ireland. One of these evidently incorporated the Vandals.
. From North Africa the Vandals raided and plundered the city of Rome (Italy) in 445 CE. A tradition states that in their raid on Rome the Vandals "liberated" treasures taken from the Temple in Jerusalem that the Romans had destroyed in 66 CE. Some of the treasures were retaken by the eastern Roman Byzantines (who ruled from what is now Turkey) and may have been "liberated" again later by the Goths. The possibility also exists that some of the Temple treasures went with the Vandals to Ireland and then to Britain.
The East Roman Byzantines in 533 CE crushed the last vestiges of the Vandal kingdom in North Africa. Most of the Vandals however appear to have left the province of North Africa previously. At all events after their defeat, Procopius records that the entire Vandal nation took ship and sailed away. In the Vandal period North Africa via Spain had been invaded by other related groups such as the "Massagetae" (probably Nephtalites), Suebi, Franks, and others and these must have joined the Vandals and moved with them to Ireland and from there to Britain. [Zaharias P. THUNDY traced the Mercian Saxons in England to remnants of this same group in Spain!].
Geoffrey of Monmouth (History of the Kings of Britain", ca. 1136) reported that 160,000 "Africans" from Ireland joined the Saxons in invading Britain. These so called "Africans" were probably Vandals and kindred bands. Other inhabitants of Ireland, e.g. the Ancient Fomorians, could also be referred to as Africans.
John Hemingway: Vandals in Ireland.
Semitic-Hebraic Influences on Celtic and Germanic Tongues
The kingdom of Vandals fell to the Byzantine Empire in 534 CE, and Vandals disappeared without a trace. Their sudden oblivion in north Africa has long puzzled historians. According to the firsthand account of Procopius, some Vandals were shipped out to be drafted into Justinian's imperial army . However, this does not explain how the Vandals, en masse, no longer inhabited their lands. Procopius leaves a passing hint that ethnic cleansing had occurred. He informs that Justinian put Solomon in charge of north Africa, who was, in his words, "removing those of the Vandals who were left and especially all their women from the whole of Libya" . The circumstances under which Vandals exited are far from clear, but it is certain that they were compelled to leave. The anonymous eighth-century Geographer of Ravenna tells us that Vandals fled to Mauritania Gaditana, the westerly region close to the coast of Spain, and then disappeared, nowhere to be seen again . .... in 2012, the BBC News featured a genetic study which indicated that one percent of Scottish men are descended from the Berber and Tuareg tribesmen of north Africa . The Irish Times also reported similar connections to the Irish population.... demonymic evidence of Anglo-Saxon place-names by Nicholson reveals the Old English form of Vandal as Wendel (or Wendle). He posits that the Vandals came to Britain as mercenaries and settled there after they aided the Anglo-Saxons in the war against the Britons and cites place-names Wendlesore, Wendelebur, and Wendesbiri. These place-names testify to the presence of Vandals . Nicholson also mentions Wendel-sae, "Sea of the Vandals" , an apparent allusion to the Vandal domination of the western Mediterranean by their formidable fleet from north Africa... . Geoffrey's 'Africans' could be Vandals since they captured and inhabited the very place where people were customarily called Africans. ... If ogham [an Irish-Welsh alphabet, 300s - 500s CE] was adapted from the Latin-letter Neo-Punic [of North Africa] alphabet, it could have been the Vandals who introduced the ogham stones to Ireland.