Tribal Names and Clan Names within the Tribe of Simeon (21 July, 2014, 23 Tammuz, 5774)
City Walls Symbol of the Tribe of Simeon
The Tribe of Simeon was divided into different clans. We find separate groups from Simeon scattered and divided throughout the Israelite nations as prophesied by the Patriarch Jacob, 'I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel" (Genesis 49:7).
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12 The descendants of Simeon by their clans: of Nemuel, the clan of the Nemuelites; of Jamin, the clan of the Jaminites; of Jachin, the clan of the Jachinites; 13 of Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites; of Shaul, the clan of the Shaulites.* 14 These are the clans of the Simeonites, twenty-two thousand two hundred.
It was prophesied that Simeon (like Levi) would be scattered amongst the other tribes (Genesis 49:7):
5 Simeon and Levi are brothers;
weapons of violence are their swords.
6 May I never come into their council;
may I not be joined to their company
for in their anger they killed a man,
and at their whim they hamstrung a bull.
7 Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce,
and their wrath, for it is cruel!
I will divide them in Jacob,
and scatter them in Israel.
Simeon and Levi had wiped out all the males in the city of Schechem (Genesis 34:25) after the local prince had raped and abused their sister (Genesis 34:2). Jacob had been displeased with the way Simeon and Levi had taken revenge (Genesis 34:30).
Later Simeon and Levi and the other brothers of Joseph had seized him, thrown him in a pit, and then sold him to an Ishmaelite merchant caravan going to Egypt. Joseph was represented by a bull (Deuteronomy 33:17).
He is the bull the brothers hamstrung. By a process of elimination the Sages learnt that Simeon must have been the one who initiated the plot against Joseph. That was why when they came to Egypt Joseph had Simeon seized and incarcerated (Genesis 42:24).
The Tribe of Simeon had been located south of Judah. Nevertheless archaeological evidence indicates that Simeon had been under the hegemony of the northern Kingdom. Simeon is listed amongst the tribal territories whose inhabitants had been exiled and which King Josiah of Judah later purified (2-Chronicles 34:6).
Many from Simeon remained with Judah. Also the Khazars had a tradition that they at least were partly from the Tribe of Simeon and they probably reconnected with Judah.
Nevertheless most of Simeon evidently was exiled with the Ten tribes. Enclaves from Simeon were to be found spread among the other tribes as prophesied.
The TRIBE OF JUDAH in Israel enveloped much of Simeon part of whose people became absorbed in Judah. SIMEON has a name derivations of which were applied to Celtic ethnic groups. The SIMENI (Ptolemy) were on the east coast of Britain, the Welsh are called Semoni (Poole p.200) in Welsh and Irish Literature. The Fir Bolg who, in Irish Mythology, settled in Ireland and Britain had Semuen son of Isru (i.e. "Israel") as their ancestor (D'A p.89ff). The Samnetes (of Simeon) were in French Brittany (Ptolemy). This area of France had cultural contacts with Wales and had been settled in part by Celtic settlers from Britain. In Celtic Britain, according to Ptolemy the SIMENI were bordered by the Iduma River that is similarly named to Idumea or Edom part of whose lands had been conquered by the Tribe of Simeon in the Land of Israel (1-Chronicles 4; 42-43). South of the British Iduma River were the ICENI (Ikeni) people whose name resembles that of Jachin (Numbers 26; 12) son of Simeon. In Phoenician-Hebrew "Yachin" would have been rendered something like "ICEN". Yachin is also recalled in the Euchatae recorded in Pliny (6; 50) as beyond the Jaxartes River east of the Caspian. Pliny recorded similarly named groups such as the Auchatae (6; 22) on the Lower Don and the Auchetae (4; 22) in the northwest close to the Baltic. Euchatae, Auchatae, and Auchetae are all considered different sections of the one people (Khazanov p.52). They were Scythians. In the region of the Euchatae east of the Caspian were the Zaratae (from Zerah son of Simeon) and the Samnitae of Simeon.
The Euchatae themselves descended from Yachin of Simeon. Within this area popular Jewish tradition said that part of the Tribe of Simeon had settled together with other tribes and from here came a section of Khazars who were also believed to be descended from Simeon and Menasseh (Eldad HaDani). The Euchatae are the same as the "EUCAE" ( CHI vol. 2 p.482). The Euchae, together with other peoples from the Scythian SAKAE ( CHI vol. 2 p.482) areas, were admitted to the Macedonian elite unit, "The Companion Guard" of Alexander the Great. The Anglo-Saxons had a tradition (Widukind quoted in Feral p.180, Borchardt) of having served in Alexander's forces. The Euchae of Scythia equate the "Saxons EUCI" (Priebsch p.43) who were reported in North Europe in about 540 c.e. Pliny N.H. 6;19 says that the Euchatae of Scythia were called SAKA (which name is the source for "Saxon") though he says their original name (along with that of the other Scyths) was ARAMI which means SYRIAN. The Israelites also referred to themselves by this term (Deuteronomy 26:4). The Hecani clan amongst the Anglo-Saxons also came from Yachin son of Simeon.
In Europe before the Anglo-Saxon conquest of England, the Semnones (cf. Simeon) were a section of the Suebi to whom the Angli were federated. Semnones (Ptolemy) bordered Laccobardi (Lombards), Angles, and Viruni (Warings). The Lombards in Scandinavian Literature have been identified as the HEADOBARDS of old (Arnold p.215, Malone p.158) whose name is reminiscent to that of "OHAD" (Genesis 26;10), Son of Simeon.
Of the other sons of Simeon, Yamin perhaps became the YOM Vikings of Scandinavia; Shaul became the Silures of south Wales, a fierce darkish people according to descriptions; and Namuel became the Nemeti who adjoined the Vangiones on the Rhine. According to the Jewish historian, Graetz, the first Jewish community in Germany derived from descendants of Vangione mercenaries in the Roman army and captured Jewish maidens.
PEOPLES OF SIMEON
Semnoni (Germany, included the Angle-group prior to their invasion of Britain),
Semoni (east Celtic Britain),
Samnites (Brittany Gaul).
Clans of Simeon:
Nemuel = Nemetae (Gaul), Nemnetes? (Gaul).
Ohad =Headobards (Lombards migrated from Scandinavia to North Italy).
Yamin = Yom (Viking group), Ymbrin in Sweden. Ambri moved to Scandinavia and Belgium.
Yacin = Euci (Anglo-Saxon Germany), Eucae (Scythia east of Caspian Sea), Euchatae (Scythia), Iceni (Celtic Britain in "Semoni" region: "Iceni" =approximates to the Phoenician-Hebrew rendition of Yacin).
Hecani (Anglo-Saxon group).
Zerah (Zohar) = Suiar (Holland);.
Zarchi = Zaratae (Scythia).
Shaul = Silures (Wales).
Simeon: Tribal Characteristics in a Nutshell
Characteristics of the Tribe of Simeon
[Based on the work ("Shivtei Yisrael") of Rabbi Fishel Mael.]