Some Tribal and Clan Names that remained Almost the Same
In our book "The Tribes" we trace different peoples to Israelite Tribes.
We use sources from numerous fields of study.
We also compare Tribal Names.
The Bible lists 12 Tribes of Israel.
These Tribes were divided into 70 sub-tribes or clans.
These were the 70 souls who went down into Egypt (Genesis ch. 46) who became the 70 Families who came out of Egypt (Numbers ch. 26).
In many cases we find the names of these clans still in existence in historical times.
People we identify as of Israelite descent often had groups among them with the listed clan names. The evidence shows that different peoples who arrived separately in certain areas may be shown to have belonged to the same Israelite Tribes. In some cases the explanations require preliminary linguistic or historical notes.
In other examples however the names are almost exactly the same!
In the explanations below some of the most obviously similar names are given. The readers may see for themselves how alike they are to each other.
"AND THE SONS OF REUBEN: HANOCH, AND PHALU, AND HEZRON, AND CARMI" (GENESIS 46: 9).
Ribuari Franks - Reuben
Palui (Phalui) = Falia (Phalia in Germany whence the Franks invaded Gaul).
Chetsroni = Chassuari (Franks), Istaevones (Sicambri-Franks).
Carmi = Carini. They were allied with the Vandals, Burgundians, ad Goths who invadeded Gaul, i.e. France.
We identify France as a major province of the Israelite Tribe of Reuben. Historical French national characteristics in many ways correspond with those of Reuben.
France on the whole fits the Ephraimite Criteria as to a significant degree belonging to Israel.
France in the Bible is called "Tserafath" (often transliterated as "Zarephath") and is listed in the Hebrew Bible as a place of Exile for the Lost Ten Tribes in the End Times.
Obadiah (1:20) says:
And the captivity of this host of the Children of Israel shall posses that of the Canaanites, even unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which is in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.
The above translation is from the King James (KJ) version. The Hebrew original of the first part of Obadiah 1:20 according to the Commentators may be translated as:
"This first exile [of the Lost Ten Tribes] who reach from the Land of Canaanites [i.e. Germany and Holland] to Zeraphath [France and Britain].."
The Hebrew Bible both according to its simple meaning and in light of tradition may be understood to say that at least a portion of the Lost Ten Tribes will be in Zerapath meaning (say the Rabbinical Exegetes) France (Rashi) or France and Britain (Abarbanel), or the extremities of far north in general (Nachmanides in "Book of Redemption") .
The term "Tserefat" (France) is found encoded in the Bible, Numbers 26:4-6 at intervals of 17 letters. It intersects the expression [Reuben] First-Born of Israel (Numbers 26:5) and then the families of the sons of Reuben, i.e. the Hanochi, Palui, and Chestroni. That this could happen by chance is almost statistically impossible!
4 Take a census of the people from twenty years old and above, just as the LORD commanded Moses and the children of Israel who came out of the land of Egypt.
5 Reuben was the firstborn of Israel. The children of Reuben were: of Hanoch, the family of the Hanochites; of Pallu, the family of the Palluites.
6 of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; of Carmi, the family of the Carmites.
We find peoples associated with Reuben and with familialr clans of Reuben concentrated in France. France is named after the "Franks." These were a group of people speaking Germanic-type tongues who came from the east. Their main group is known as the Ripuarian Franks. Ripuarian in Latin means "River-bank." Another version of their name was Ribuari which in Hebrew-Aramaic could mean "See-a-son" or Reuben.
The Franks had sojourned in East- and in West- Phalia in Germany. The name "PHALIA" wherein the Franks had been sojourning is derived from that of the PHALUI, descendants of the second son of Reuben (Genesis 26:9, Numbers 26:5). [Remeber that in Hebrew the "p" and the "f" sounds are interchangeable.
In West Europe the Franks had been divided into several groups of whom the main ones are assumed to have been the Ripuarian Franks, the Salian Franks, and the Chatti or Hessians. The Ripuarian (i.e. "River-Bank") Franks were allegedly so called by the Romans since they were first known to them on the banks of the Rhine and in Latin "ripa" means river bank. The name is also given as "Ribuari" and this name in Hebrew-Aramaic is another form for REUBEN . The ancient Greeks and Romans (as well as the Hebrews), when they came across a foreign name, were wont to interpret its meaning according to a similar sounding word in their own language. This was especially so when the word in question was descriptively pertinent, as it was in the case of the "River-bank" (i.e. "Ripuari") Franks on the Rhine. "Ribuari" appears to have been the Franks own name for themselves. Reuben in Hebrew could also be rendered REUBAR! "Ribuari" means sons of Reuben which was the name of their ancestor. A shortened form of Reuben is "Rubi" and a people by that name were situated at one stage on the banks of the Rhine. They too appear to have been Ribuari Franks.
The Franks before moving to the west had sojourned in East- and in West- Phalia. The name "PHALIA" wherein the Franks had been sojourning is derived from that of the PHALUI, descendants of the second son of Reuben (Genesis 26:9 Numbers 26:5). The Phalui or Falhi (Franks) in Eastphalhia were known also as Cheruski and were partly absorbed by the Saxons. The Franks were a mixture of Israelite and non-Israelite peoples. Some of the Franks remained in Germany but most (according to our understanding) moved into the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
The name Hetsron, son of Reuben, is recalled in the Hessuari (Chattuari) who, together with others, comprised the Franks.
Another son of Reuben, Carmi, is recalled in the CHARINI. Historically, the Charini are included in the Vandili group by Pliny together with Vandili, Burgundians, and Gutones (Goths). These too settled in France or Belgium. We therefore have groups whose names are similar to Reuben and/or the sons of Reuben settling in France.
"OF THE SONS ISSACHAR AFTER THEIR FAMILIES; OF TOLA, THE FAMILY OF THE TOLAI: OF PUA, THE FAMILY OF THE PUNI:
"OF JASHUB, THE FAMILY OF THE JASHUBI: OF SHIMRON, THE FAMILY OF THE SHIMRONI:
"THESE ARE THE FAMILIES OF THE ISSACHAR ACCORDING TO THOSE THAT WERE NUMBERED OF THEM, THREESCORE AND FOUR THOUSAND AND THREE HUNDRED" [Numbers 26:15-18].
1-Chronicles (NASB) 7:
1 Now the sons of Issachar were four: Tola, Puah, Jashub and Shimron. 2 The sons of Tola were Uzzi, Rephaiah, Jeriel, Jahmai, Ibsam and Samuel, heads of their fathers' households. ...
3 The son of Uzzi was Izrahiah. And the sons of Izrahiah were Michael, Obadiah, Joel, Isshiah;
Puvah (i.e. Puni) = Vannones (Switzerland), Peones (Swiss), Finni (Finland). Note in Hebrew the names "Puni" and Funni" are one and the same, the sounds for "F" and "P" are represented by the same letter [פ].
Yahmi (Jahmai, Yachmi) = Kym (Finland).
Yivsam (Ibsam, Yibsom) = Uusima (Finland).
Michael = Mikeli (Finland). MICHAEL (1-Chronicles 7:3) one of the heads of the Clans of Issachar.
Yahmay (Yachmai) and Yivsam (Jibsom), cousins of Michael, may be recalled in the Finnish Provinces of Kym and Uusima, both south of Mikeli in Finland.
We identify Issachar with the Finns of Finland though contingents of them were also to be found in Switzerland.
In Finland were elements from Issachar. The southern Finnish province of Mikeli is reminiscent of MICHAEL (1-Chronicles 7:3) one of the heads of the Clans of Issachar. Two other minor sub-clans of Issachar, Yahmay (Jachmai) and Yivsam (Jibsom), brothers of Michael, may be recalled in the Finnish Provinces of Kym and Uusima, both south of Mikeli in Finland. The Finns had a tradition that they were descended from the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel and their national hero, Marshall Mannerheim in a speech is said to have once expressly referred to them as "Sons of Issachar."
Alemans in Finland!
The Alemans became one of the leading groups in Alsace (east France) and Switzerland. They may also have been in Finland! Eero Ojanen (ca. 1998) wrote an article claiming that a group of Alemans in the 500s CE had made their way to Finland, conquered the land, and intermixed with the inhabitants. He based his proposal on a reference in Gregory of Tours, legends of giants, Germanic linguistic incursions, Genetic links, indications from Finnish mythology and historical references.
The Researches of Lyyranen and Ikonen.
Finnish Academic researchers, Pekka T. Lyyranen and Tuula-Hannele Ikonen, "SOME MYTHS AND FACTS OF THE ORIGIN OF THE FINNS IN COMPARISON WITH THE ISRAELITES" (2011), bring evidence indicating that the Finnish People descend from Israel.
Their evidence is based on:
a. The Opinions of early Finnish and other Scandinavian Scholars.
Finnish and Swedish historians and researchers related the Finnish People to the Lost Ten Tribes.
b. Historical Provenance.
Most of the Finns are proven to have come from the bend of the Volga near the Caspian Sea. This was an area associated with the Ten Tribes. [It was from this region that the early Israelite Scythians and Khazars first appeared.]
In Finnish vocabulary, etc, there are traces of Hebrew.
d. Hebrew Customs.
Finnish folk-practices are similar to Hebrew or Jewish ones, e.g. the Finns kept, like the Jews, Saturday as the Sabbath.
Mammi, Finnish unleavened bread, is eaten at Easter which is supposed to be at Passover.
The nomenclature of fabrics and home items reflect Hebrew or Jewish origins.
An old wedding tradition (still carried out in Finland in the 20th century) exists where the bridal couple stand under a canopy called in Finnish a huppu. This is similar to Jewish weddings where the couple also stand under a canopy called in Hebrew a huppah (chuppah).
It is claimed that DNA links exist between Finns, Samaritans, and Jews. This includes certain inherited afflictions.
f. Subjective Feeling.
Cultural similarities, similar values, and affinities of many Finns for Israel and the Jews all suggest common origins.
g. The Names of God Almighty!
The Finnish name for God was Yummella (in Finland), or Yuma (Udmurts; A once red-haired but not now Mongolian people in East Russia who speak a Finnish dialect), or Ymar (Tseremisses, i.e. Finnish speakers in Volga region).
The authors of the article, P.T. Lyyraenen and T-H Ikonen, may not have not aware of it, but it would seem that the Northern Israelites (from the Ten Tribes) before their exile pronounced the name of God as something like YMA or YaMa! El also means God. "Yummella" which is the term used by Finns of Finland could therefore be the equivalent in Northern Hebrew of "YiMA is God." See: History of the Name https://hebrewnations.com/articles/bible/name/namehistory.html, #3. The Ten Tribes and the Holy Name.
Arsi Saarijarvi: Yam and Yuma. The Finnish Name for God
Bible Codes. FINLAND AND ISSACHAR
#3. Issachar, the Fins, and Suomi!
In Equidistant Biblical Codes we find gathered around the matrix of the name ISSACHAR the words for FIN and for FINNISH and the name "SUOMI" meaning (in Finnish) FINLAND! Associations with Joseph and Levi were also noticed.
The Three Provinces of Mikkeli, Kym, Uusima.
We identify Finland as dominated by the Israelite Tribe of Issachar.
The three provinces we find with names recalling those of clans of issachar, Kym, Uusima, Mikeli, are all in the same southern area of Finland.
The Mikkeli Province was a province of Finland from 1831 to 1997. The province was named after the city of Mikkeli.
Parts of the province were transferred to the Central Finland Province in 1960. In 1997 it was merged with Kuopio Province and Northern Karelia Province into the new Eastern Finland Province.
The locality received its present name Mikkeli after Archangel Michael by the early 16th century at the latest.
Mikkeli was the site for the headquarters of the Finnish armed forces during World War II. In recognition of this, the town's coat of arms incorporates a pair of crossed Marshal's batons, and the town was awarded the Cross of Liberty, 4th class, to be displayed with the coat of arms.
Wartime Mikkeli is identified with Marshal Mannerheim, the commander of the Finnish army and later President of Finland.
KYM: The city of Kotka with 55,000 inhabitants is located at the delta of River Kymi and has the most important import harbour in Finland. This area was ocne important for the paper and pulp industry of Finland.
Uusima - Finland's capital and largest city, Helsinki, along with the surrounding Greater Helsinki area, are both contained in the region, which makes Uusimaa Finland's most populous region. The population of Uusimaa is 1,638,469. The names Uusimaa (in Swedish, "Nyland") means 'New Land' in English derives from the Swedish colonisation era.
Uusimaa's coastal areas tend to be Swedish-speaking. 8,5% of population of the region speak the Swedish language natively.
Biblical Names and Divine Providence
How can we take a name, e.g. Uusima, that has a definite meaning in the native tongue and claim it has Biblical significance just because it sounds like a Biblical Name?
We believe in Divine Providence. We already identify a group of people or region as pertaining to Israel. People choose names partly because of the way they sound. Subconsciously they may have instinctively recognized an ancestral association with a particular name regardless of its assumed meaning.
"AND THE SONS OF ZEBULON; SERED, AND ELON, AND JAHLEEL" [Genesis 46:14].
Zebulon = Sabalingoi (Friesland, Holland).
Clans of Zebulon:
Sered = Suardinoi (Sweden), Suardone, Suarini (Holland).
At the end of the 500s CE Venantius Fortunatus mentioned Suebi, together with Frissi in the Netherland area, and these Suebi, according to Kaspar ZEUSS, "Die Deutschen und Die Nachbarstamme," Heidelberg, 1835,1925), belonged to the Suarine tribe. "Suarine" and "Suardone" (cf. Sered) are alternative appellations for the same group. Sered son of Zebulon thus also was to be found in Holland.
Yahleel (Yachlayl) = Chali (Denmark and Holland).
#3. Holland, Judah, Issachar, with Zebulon and the Sea
Shows HOLLAND at a sequence of 84 in Genesis 49:8-16 attached at the right to the prediction concerning Zebulon. "ZEBULUN SHALL DWELL AT THE HAVEN OF THE SEA; AND HE SHALL BE FOR AN HAVEN OF SHIPS; AND HIS BORDER SHALL BE UNTO ZIDON" [Genesis 49:13] .
A ship was also the symbol of Zebulon (Midrash Numbers Rabah 2;5).
The symbol of Holland was a ship in popular tradition and a ship was the symbol of the former Dutch Republic which preceded the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Jacob prophesied "Zebulon shall dwell at the haven of the sea and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be unto Sidon" (Genesis 49:13). The expression, "dwell at the haven of the sea" according to the HEBREW original ("Hof-yamim") may be preferably translated as "Dwell on the SHORES of the Sea." Compare Kaplan's ("The Living Torah") translation, "on the seashores." "Hof-Yamin" in Modern Hebrew means "Seashores" and so most translators would understand the expression.
The only nation in the world whose population is known for dwelling extensively on reclaimed sea-land, literally, "On the shores of the sea", is the Netherlands. This description applies in some way or other to up to two-thirds of the Dutch people.
"His border shall be unto Sidon" refers to the Hanseatic city of Hamburg in Germany.
"Caudinge" is another form of the name "Sidon" ("Tsidon" [צידון] in Hebrew); it is the name of a settlement recalled by Ptolemy on the site of what later became Hamburg, the major Hanseatic (Phoenician merchant) city in Medieval Germany.
This region adjoins the Netherlands of Zebulon, as predicted in Scripture.
In ancient times according to the Geography of Ptolemy a people known as the Sabalingoi (whose name means "People of Zebulon") dwelt in Northern Friesland-Jutland (Denmark) whence like others in the area they moved into the Netherlands.
Yahleel (Yachlayl) son of Zebulon has a name that from the Hebrew would have become Chali. This was the name of a people found in southern Jutland (Denmark). According to Ptolemy they were just north of the Sabalingoi and like them must have moved south into the Netherlands. (Denmark and Holland).