The Name Columbia Meaning America and the Ten Tribes (27 October, 2013, Cheshvan 23, 5774)
and the Land of Doves
Biblical Locations of the Lost Ten Tribes
Isaiah chapter 60 spoke of the Ten Tribes returning in the end times like doves to their windows. The name Columbia means the USA. It also means "Land of Doves". In the same passages Isaiah spoke of the returnees also coming back in the ships of Tarshish meaning those plying the Atlantic Ocean which connects America to the Mediterranean and the Land of Israel.
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There are reports that Jews in the 1600s considered the ships of Tarshish to be the ships of the Netherlands which at that time had international importance.
At all events they were associated with the Atlantic Ocean area. Â The Talmudic Reference source, Aruck Ha-Shalem, shoiws that in the eyes of the Sages the terms Tarshish and Okeanos meant the Atlantic Ocean in general.
The Prophecy of Isaiah concerning the ships of Tarshish also inspired the explorations of Christopher Columbus in the Atlantic Ocean area.
These lead to the discovery of the Americas.
Chuck MisslerÂ (quoting from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol. 16, p. 688)Â tells us:
Columbus was more driven by prophecy than astronomy. He compiled a collection of Biblical passages in his Libro de las Profecias, Book of Prophecies: Proverbs 8:27, which speaks of the earth's surface as being curved; Isaiah 40:22, the spherical earth; and the ocean currents in Isaiah 43:16.5
He would later describe his discovery of the New World as "the fulfillment of what Isaiah prophesied," from Isaiah 24:15, "Isles beyond the sea," and Isaiah 60:9.Â
8 Who are these that fly like a cloud,
Â Â Â and like doves to their windows?
9 For the coastlands shall wait forÂ me,
Â Â Â the ships of Tarshish first,
to bring your children from far away,
Â Â Â their silver and gold with them,
for the name of the Lord your God,
Â Â Â and for the Holy One of Israel,
Â Â Â because he has glorified you.Â
Another name for the USA is Columbia:
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Columbia is a historical and poetic name used for the United States of America and is also the name of its female personification.
Columbia is a New Latin toponym, combining a stem Columb- based on the surname of the explorer Christopher Columbus and an ending -ia, common in Latin names of countries... The meaning is therefore "Land of Columbus."...
The name Columbia for "America" first appeared in 1738...
Columbia is an obvious calque [re-applied loanword] on America, substituting the base of the surname of the discoverer Christopher Columbus for the base of the given name of the somewhat less well-known Americus Vespucius...
As the debates of Parliament, many of whose decisions directly affected the colonies, were distributed and closely followed in the British colonies in America, the name "Columbia" would have been familiar to the United States' founding generation...
We see that Columbia is another name for the USA. The name is derived from Columbus.
The name Columbus is a,
# Variant of the Latin word meaning "dove". Made famous by Christopher Columbus, the Italian explorer who discovered America. #
The name Columbia (meaning America) may thus be understand to connote "Land of the Doves".
Isaiah 60:8 describes the Israelites returning like doves to their windows and links them with the ships of Tarshish.
Isaiah 60 speaks of the returnees of Israel flying through the clouds like doves and being carried in the ships of Tarshish meaning ships plying the Atlantic Ocean. This, as we have shown, refers to Israelites returning from the region of North America. The name America is derived from a Latinized version of the Hebrew "Ha-Machiri" meaning "Men Belonging to Machir". The first born son of Manasseh was named Machir.
Another name for the USA was Columbia meaning "Land of the Doves". The Israelites are destined to return to the Land of Israel from the Region of North America like doves returning to their windows (Isaiah 60:8).
Below are extracts from a few (out of many) articles discussing as to whether or not Columbus was Jewish:
Christopher Columbus' Jewish Roots Examined By Historians
Two of his wishes -- tithe one-tenth of his income to the poor and provide an anonymous dowry for poor girls -- are part of Jewish customs. He also decreed to give money to a Jew who lived at the entrance of the Lisbon Jewish Quarter.
On those documents, Columbus used a triangular signature of dots and letters that resembled inscriptions found on gravestones of Jewish cemeteries in Spain. He ordered his heirs to use the signature in perpetuity.
According to British historian Cecil Roth's "The History of the Marranos," the anagram was a cryptic substitute for the Kaddish, a prayer recited in the synagogue by mourners after the death of a close relative. Thus, Columbus's subterfuge allowed his sons to say Kaddish for their crypto-Jewish father when he died. Finally, Columbus left money to support the crusade he hoped his successors would take up to liberate the Holy Land.
Scholars also point to the real financiers of the voyage as evidence of the trip's purpose. While most schoolchildren grow up learning that the expedition was financed by Queen Isabella, historians say it was mostly paid for by two prominent Jews who had been forced to convert to Catholicism, Louis de Santangel and Gabriel Sanchez.Â Â
The Columbus Conundrum
by Aron and Judy Hirt-Manheimer
Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal popularized the idea that Columbus may have been a secret Jew. In his 1973 book, Sails of Hope: The Secret Mission of Columbus, he wrote that the purpose of the voyage was to find a new Promised Land for the exiled Jews of Spain, accounting for why Columbus concealed his Jewish origins and loyalties. Historian Jacob Rader Marcus disagreed, attributing Luis de Santangel's support of Columbus to 'financial and perhaps patriotic opportunism.' The preeminent historian of Iberian Jewry, Rabbi Meyer Kayserling, rejected the notion that the admiral had the interests of Jews in mind, concluding in his 1907 book, Christopher Columbus and the Participation of the Jews in the Spanish and Portuguese Discoveries, that Columbus was a fanatical Christian who felt no sympathy for the Jews being expelled from Spain the very moment he was setting out to sea. Columbus actually profited from the Jewish calamity: the reward he received upon his return and the financing for his second voyage derived from money and jewelry expropriated from the expelled Jews.
Was Christopher Columbus Jewish?
by Rabbi Yosef Tropper
Throughout his life, Christopher Columbus never discussed his parents or relatives. We only know from a reference to Genoa that this was most likely his city of birth. He spoke Spanish eloquently. His family name was Columbo, the Italianized form of Colon. Colon was a Jewish name. ...
Columbus asked the King of Portugal to entrust him with a fleet to search for a sea route to India by sailing westward since the earth was round. The King refused and so Colon went to Spain to try his luck with King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabel of Castille. In the summer of 1485 he arrived in Palos where he met a famous astronomer named Antonio De Marchena. Antonio became a strong supporter of Colon's plans. It should be noted that Antonio was himself a marrano [Chrsitian of Jewish descent], and his own brother had been burned at the stake for becoming a relapsing Jew. Colon next moved to Salamana where he succeeded in getting the support of Diego De Deza, the powerful bishop who was personal tutor to Prince Juan, the Heir to the Spanish throne. Diego was also a morrano. He introduced Colon to the Jewish astronomer Abraham Zacuto, whose Tables and Almanac were to aid Colon greatly on his many voyages.
In the same year, Colon approached Don Luis de la Cerda, Duke of Medinalceli, one of the wealthiest nobles of Andalusia. The Duke, who had a Jewish grandmother, was so impressed with Colon's idea that he declared he would pay for the expedition from his own pocket. However, in order to build ships, the King's permission was required, and it was not forthcoming. The Duke then wrote a personal letter to Queen Isabel and Colon was invited to present himself before the King and Queen. The audience took place at Cordova in May 1486. Colon stressed the possibility that his voyage would be useful in spreading the Christian faith and obtaining gold. Not thoroughly convinced, they appointed a commission of scientists to examine his plan. In 1490, the commission issued an unfavorable report. In despair, Colon went back to Palos, planning to leave Spain for England or France in order to offer his plan to the kings of those countries.
Queen Isabel had not fully decided against Colon's plans and her hesitancy led to the intervention of a group of influential Jews and morranos. Of all the names of the eight people involved, it must be noted that every one of them had a relative killed for performing Jewish rituals.... Some scholars believe that Santangel and his associates were willing to finance Columbus in the hope of finding a new Promised Land to which they might emigrate and escape the pressure of the church.
In his writings, speeches and daily conversations, Colon often quoted the views of rabbis and other Jewish learned men. In a letter to the King and Queen in 1501, he wrote, 'I maintained relations and have spoken with Jewish and other men of science.' ...
He boasted that he was even related to King David. ...
Colon was more driven by prophecy than astronomy. He compiled a collection of Biblical passages in his Libro de las Profecias, Book of Prophecies. It contained Proverbs 8:27, which speaks of the earth's surface as being curved; Isaiah 40:22, the spherical earth; and the ocean currents in Isaiah 43:16. He would later describe his discovery of the New World as ''the fulfillment of what Isaiah prophesied, from Isaiah 24:15, 'Isles beyond the sea,' (and Isaiah 60:9)''.