The Israelite Tribe of Naphtali, Norwegians, and their Monarchs
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1. Norway - An Israelite Nation.
2. Kings were Prophesied
3. Naphtalites and Danes. The Vikings of Asher.
4. Historical Monarchs
5. Jews in Norway and WW2.
6. WW2 and its Aftermath.
7. More on the Jews
8. Norway and Naphtali. The Sea of Galilee
9. More on Naftali and Norway
1. Norway - An Israelite Nation.
We identify Norway as an Israelite nation. According to Prophecy the Lost Tribes of Israel were to be at the north (Jeremiah 3:18, 31: 6-10), northwest (Isaiah 49:12), and west (Isaiah 24:14, Hosea 1:10) of the Land of Israel. They were to be at the at the ends of the earth, geographical extremities (Isaiah 24:16, 26:15, 41:8-9, 43:6, 49:6), peninsulas (Jeremiah 31:8), archipelagos, and in the Westerly Islands of the Sea (Isaiah 24:15, 49:6, 60:9, Jeremiah 31: 9-10).
This fits Norway and its neighbors. The Norwegian are next of kin to other groups who independently are proven to be Israelites. Norway benefits from the blessings promised to the Israelites. Norway is to be identified primarily with the Tribe of Naphtali though historically elements from the Tribes of Asher and Dan were also important in Norwegian history.
2. Kings were Prophesied
The Blessings included being ruled by kings.
It was prophesied that the Chosen Peoples would split into two sections. One would comprise 10 entities while the other would be one polity of Judah and Benjamin together.
The Ten Entities would include some nations with kings over them ruling parallel to one another.
Genesis (NIV) 17:
6 I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you.
Genesis 17 (NIV):
16 I will bless her [Sarah] and will surely give you a son by her. I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her.
Onkelos renders the expression "kings" in 17:6 and "kings of peoples" in 17:16 as:
# Kings that rule over peoples # "Kneshin ve-Malacin deShalitin be-amamiya"
Genesis 35 (NIV):
11 And God said to him, 'I am God Almighty; be fruitful and increase in number. A nation and a community [in Hebrew, "Kahal"] of nations will come from you, and kings will be among your descendants.
We saw in the light of other verses and commentaries (such as the NATZIV, Rabbi Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin, 1816-1893) that Genesis 35:11 is predicting that TWO DIFFERENT ENTITIES would emerge from Jacob. See: Kings Prophesied
One entity would be "a Nation" i.e. that of "Judah" (comprising the Tribes of both Judah and Benjamin); and the other would be a "Kahal" of Ten meaning the Ten Tribes who became the Ten Lost Tribes. Each of these TEN Tribes was to become a People in its own right (as indicated by the Aramaic of Onkelos), and some of them would have kings ruling over them. Only the Western Peoples fit the bill. In these peoples we find separate nations each of which may be identified as a separate nations and more than half of whom have kings ruling over them.
3. Naphtalites and Danes. The Vikings of Asher.
The Tribe of Naphtali was exiled along with the rest of the Ten Tribes. We find reports of them south of the Caspian Sea and then in Central Asia and finally we find them invading Scandinavia. Scandinavia in the 500's and 600's CE received an influx of settlers from the east who are identifiable as Naphtalites. Other Israelites had already settled the area beforehand. The arrival of the newcomers precipitated many of the former inhabitants in coastal areas to leave. These became the Vikings. The Tribe of Asher was prominent among them. The new invaders included Danes and Jutes formerly from Yda in Central Asia, and Nephtalites fromt he same areas.
The Vikings were named after the "Vik" or "cove" (inlet of the sea) they often dwelt in. This had been prophesied concerning the Tribe of Asher:
17 Gilead stayed beyond the Jordan.
And Dan, why did he sojourn in ships?
Asher settled on the coast
and dwelt in his coves.
Many of the Vikings who settled in Ireland were descended from Asher. Ireland already previously had received waves of immigrants from Dan and Asher. Ireland is primarily the domain of Asher with an important contingent from Dan and others from Judah, Simeon, and Joseph.
The Vikings settled areas in the west.
Norwegian or Norse Vikings travelled north and west and founded vibrant communities in the Faroe Islands, Shetland, Orkney, Iceland, Ireland, Scotland, and northern England. They conducted extensive raids in Ireland and founded the cities of Cork, Dublin, and Limerick. In 947, a new wave of Norwegian Vikings appeared in England when Erik Bloodaxe captured York. from the 700s onwards, Norwegian and Danish Vikings also settled in Normandy, most famously those led by Rollo, and thus began the tradition of the Normans (also meaning 'men from the north'), who expanded to England, Sicily, and other Mediterranean islands.
# During the 17th and 18th centuries, many Norwegians emigrated to the Netherlands, particularly Amsterdam. The Netherlands was the second most popular destination for Norwegian emigrants after Denmark. #
Norwegian immigrants in the Netherlands adopted the Dutch Langauge and changed their names to Dutch ones.
Loosely estimated, some 10% of the population of Norway may have emigrated
# The Norwegian population is typical of the Northern European population with Haplogroup I1 being the most common Y-haplogroup, at about 37.3%. Norwegians also show the characteristic R1a genes of the paternal ancestorship at 17.9% to 30.8%. Such large frequencies of R1a have been found only in East Europe and India.
# Several northern states in the United States (Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana) show Scandinavian (which includes Norwegian) ancestry proportions among European descent (white) persons of 10 to 20%.
There are more than 4.5 million Norwegian Americans, according to the most recent U.S. census, most live in the Upper Midwest and on the West Coast of the United States. 55% of Norwegian Americans live in the Midwest; 21% live in California, Oregon and Washington.
# Between 1825 and 1925, more than 800,000 Norwegians immigrated to North America, about one-third of Norway's population with the majority immigrating to the US, and lesser numbers immigrating to the Dominion of Canada. With the exception of Ireland, no single country contributed a larger percentage of its population to the United States than Norway. #
While Norwegians are largely secular, typically attending church only for weddings and funerals, Norwegian Americans are often religious.
4. Historical Monarchs
The first King of Norway is believed to have been Harald-1 Fairhair (reigned 872-930 CE). Before then Norway was divided into different entities. The kingship was hereditary almost from the beginning but at first it had to be confirmed by election between eligible claimants. [The succession at first could be sometimes contested by a younger brother or a cousin, or Uncle, etc, Eventually it consolidated around the principle of primogeniture].
Olaf-2 alias Saint Olaf, reigned from 1015-1028. He converted the kingdom to Christianity. Olaf-2 is considered the Rex Perpetuus Norvegiae ("Eternal King of Norway"), and all subsequent monarchs rule as his vassals beyond the grave.
In the 1100s and 1200s Norway was quite powerful and ruled over Swedish provinces of Jemtland, Herjedalen, Saerna, Idre and Bahuslen), as well as over Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Shetland, Orkney and other smaller areas in the British Isles. The king had diplomatic relations with most of the European kingdoms and formed alliances with Scotland and Castile (Spain), among others.
Olav-4 (r. 1380-1387) of Norway also became king of Denmark and of Sweden. When he died his mother, Margarethe, took over.
The Black Death of 1349-51 diminished the royal lines, the nobility, and the population in general. T
The Kalmar Union (1397-1523) united Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Denmark was usually the dominant party.
Queen Margarethe of Norway appointed Eric of Pomerania (northern Poland) as her successor but his rule was uncertain.
Overseas possessions of Norway where lost to Sweden and Scotland. Nominal kings of Norway usually resided abroad as did much of the nobility.
In 1523 Gustav Vassa made himself King of Sweden and independent of the Union.
Denmark and Norway were ruled by the same monarch who was the hereditary ruler of both of them. The Norwegians resisted the Protestant Reformation but were forced to abide by it by the Danish who also took over most ecclesiastic posts.
The hereditary nature of the Norwegian monarchy meant that the King had to maintain the basic principle of Norway being a separate and extant kingdom. If the Danish nobles were to elect as king someone other than the next in line to the throne of Norway the Union would be dissolved. This gave the king [of Denmark] the upper hand... Potential heirs to Norway were present in both the royal dynasties of Sweden and Schleswig-Holstein [northern Germany], so if the King of Denmark did not assert his position as King of Norway they would.
In 1661 Frederick-3 (r. 1648-1670) introduced absolute monarchy into Denmark and Norway
Due to the Napoleonic Wars from 1814 Norway was joined to Sweden, the King of Sweden being also the King of Norway.
The Royal House of Bernadotte then ruled over Sweden. They tried hard to behave as a Norwegian royal house as well as a Swedish one.
By 1905 Norway had grown into one of the world's leading shipping nations. They felt the union with Sweden was not in their interests and therefore by public plebiscite it was dissolved.
The throne of Norway was offered to the 33-year-old Prince Carl of Denmark, grandson of the King of Denmark and second son of the Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark. Prince Carl was chosen partly because he already had a son to continue the line of succession, but more significantly because Carl was married to Maud of Wales, the daughter of the British King Edward-7 (r. 1901-1910). By bringing in a king with British royal ties, it was hoped that Norway could court support from Britain.
The election of Carl to the throne of Norway was confirmed by public plebisicte decided by a nearly 79% majority. He became King Haakon-7 (r. 1905- 1957).
The father of Haakon-7, became king of Denmark a little after him as Frederick-8 (1906-1912). He was followed by Christian-10 (1912-1947). Christian-10 of Denmark was the same king we spoke of who would ride around the Park of Copenhagen and greet Rabbi Benjamin Jakobson in the morning. He was the brother of King Haakon-7 of Norway.
5. Jews in Norway and WW2
Jews had been reported in Norway from the 1400s, in 1687 King Christian-5 (of Denmark and Norway) expelled them. As in Denmark individual Sephardic Jews were allowed in over the years. Some Jewish converts to Christianity also settled in Norway. In 1851 the Norwegian parliament (the Stortinget) lifted the ban against Jews and they were awarded religious rights on a par with Christian dissenters. The first Jewish community was established in Oslo in 1892.
The Jews were treated reasonably but there was much prejudice against them, including stereotypical depictions, racial prejudice, and conspiracy theories.
In 1929 Jewish Ritual slaughter of animals (technically without preliminary stunning) was in effect banned and remains so till today.
.# Norway's acceptance of hunting, whaling and sealing were also raised as proof of the alleged hypocrisy of the Norwegian position. #
In 1940 the Nazis invaded Norway. They demanded that the King appoint Vidkun Quisling as Prime Minister. The king refused. The Norwegian government confirmed the refusal. The royal entourage and government ministers were evacuated to Britain.
Quisling, "transformed [the country] into a one-party fascist state and recruited 6,000 Norwegians to fight alongside the Germans on the Russian front". A very small percentage of the population supported Quisling. A great many more joined the Norwegian resistance movement. After the war, Quisling would be tried for treason, found guilty and executed.
# ... in the fall of 1942, the Germans, with support from the Norwegian police, began rounding up the members of the Jewish community for deportation to concentration camps, primarily to Auschwitz-Birkenau. In a series of mass arrests, nearly 800 Jews were deported. All but a small handful perished. Notably, Norwegian church leaders strongly protested these deportations.
# The Norwegian Resistance set out to warn as many Jews as possible just before the mass arrests in 1942. Together, the Resistance and the ordinary citizens of Norway rescued about 900 Jews. They hid their Jewish countrymen until safe passage could be arranged to neutral Sweden, primarily over very difficult terrain in the depths of winter.
# During the War, the civilian Norwegian police (politiet) in many cases helped the German occupiers to arrest those Jews who failed to escape in time. #
Many Norwegians helped the Jews escape, some to Sweden and others even to Britain.
More than 5,000 non-Jewish Norwegians were also deported to concentration camps; 649 died there. Most were saved through the efforts of Count Folk Bernadotte and his Red Cross activities. In addition, about 50,000 Norwegians escaped to Sweden.
6. WW2 and its Aftermath
Norway in WW1 had been neutral and hoped to remain that way in WW2 but the Germans invaded in 1940 while the British were attempting to do the same.
Germany invaded Norway for several reasons:
# strategically, to secure ice-free harbors from which its naval forces could seek to control the North Atlantic;
# to secure the availability of iron ore from mines in Sweden, going through Narvik;
# to pre-empt a British and French invasion with the same purpose; and
# to reinforce the propaganda of a "Germanic empire".
Norwegian resistance to the invasion was not very effectual but they sank some German ships, killed about 1000 German soldiers and enabled the Royal Family and Norwegian Government to escape to Britain.
British and French Troops attempted a landing at Narvik in Norway. They won a victory but due to losses in France were forced to evacuate. The Norwegian Army had been fighting alongside them and made a good account of itself. They too were forced to surrender
# About 300,000 Germans were garrisoned in Norway for the rest of the war. By occupying Norway, Hitler had ensured the protection of Germany's supply of iron ore from Sweden and had obtained naval and air bases with which to strike at Britain.
It is to be noted that by obliging the Germans to garrison and maintain 300,000 troops in Norway throughout the War Norway had in effect Neutralized them and burdened Germany with them! This is a similar number to what the Germans lost at Stalingrad.
# Norway was the most heavily fortified country during the war: several hundred thousand German soldiers were stationed in Norway, in a ratio of one German soldier for every eight Norwegians. #
# about 15,000 Norwegians volunteered for combat duty on the Nazi side; of the 6,000 sent into action as part of the Germanic SS, most were sent to the Eastern front. #
Norwegian Resistance forces numbered ca 40,000 by the end of the War. The Royal Norwegian Navy had evacuated many of its ships to Britain.
The Norwegian resistance sabotaged the German Heavy Water project in Norway. This prevented the development of a German Atom bomb.
Norwegian forces in Allied ranks in Britain numbered ca. 28,000. They also had their own air force. By the war's end, the Norwegian Air Force had a total of 2,700 personnel and had suffered a total of 228 losses.
# Meanwhile, Hitler had appointed Josef Terboven as Reichskommissar for Norway. On Hitler's orders, Terboven attempted to coerce the Storting to depose the King; the Storting declined, citing constitutional principles. A subsequent ultimatum was made by the Germans, threatening to intern all Norwegians of military age in German concentration camps. With this threat looming, the Storting's representatives in Oslo wrote to their monarch on 27 June, asking him to abdicate. The King declined, politely replying that the Storting was acting under duress. The King gave his answer on 3 July, and proclaimed it on BBC radio on 8 July.
# After one further German attempt in September to force the Storting to depose Haakon failed, Terboven finally decreed that the Royal Family had "forfeited their right to return" and dissolved the democratic political parties.
# During the German occupation of World War II the King was an important symbol of national unity and resistance. His steadfast opposition to the German demands of surrender was important for the fighting spirit of the Norwegian population. The constitutional powers granted to the King in the Norwegian monarchial system made his position very important and enabled the government in exile to continue its work with the utmost legitimacy.
# After the end of the war, Haakon and the Norwegian royal family returned to Norway aboard the cruiser HMS Norfolk, arriving with the First Cruiser Squadron to cheering crowds in Oslo on 7 June 1945, exactly five years after they had been evacuated from Tromso. Crown Prince Olav had returned a few weeks earlier, on 13 May 1945.
# Olvav-5 (r. 1957-1991) succeeded his father Haakon-7. During World War II his leadership was much appreciated and he was appointed Norwegian Chief of Defence in 1944. Olav became king following the death of his father in 1957.
Olav had received extensive military training and had participated in most major Norwegian military exercises. Because of this he was perhaps one of the most knowledgeable Norwegian military leaders and was respected by other Allied leaders for his knowledge and leadership skills. During a visit to the United States before the war, he and his wife had established a close relationship with President Roosevelt. These factors would prove to be important for the Norwegian fight against the attacking German forces. In 1939, Crown Prince Olav was appointed an admiral of the Royal Norwegian Navy and a general of the Norwegian Army.
Harald-5 (r. 1991 - ) is a world champion in sailing. He is a great-grandson of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom and second cousin of Elizabeth II. His wife is a Norwegian commoner, Queen Sonja.
The heir apparent is his only son, Crown Prince Haakon. He is marred to Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway, and a single mother. They have 2 children.
Haakon has a particular liking for windsurfing and surfing.
7. More on the Jews. Sin of the Spies Repeated in our Time!
# When the war was over, Norway took steps to re-establish Jewish community life. In 1997-98, the Norwegian government offered restitution to Jews and their families, helping the country come to terms with the persecution of Jews under the Quisling regime. Today, an estimated 1,400 Jews are part of the Norwegian community.
Nevertheless, in many cases property that had been confiscated from the Jews was not returned. Technical reasons were given but an element of malicious Jew-hatred was also there.
So too, throughout the Scandinavian countries there is a willingness to consider having had Israelite antecedents. This unfortunately is occasionally impaired by reservations emanating from anti-Jewish prejudice.
# As of 1 January 2012, there were about 1,500 Jewish people living in the country as a whole. The number of registered members in religious Jewish communities has been declining in recent years, and was 747 in 2015. Most of these were based in Oslo.
There are two synagogues in Norway, one in Oslo and one in Trondheim.
After WW2 Norway was ruled by Socialist governments that felt an affinity for Israel especially since Israel was also ruled by socialist progressive elements. Gradually this attitude changed to become more and more pro-Palestinian. It should be mentioned however that the peace attempts of the Norwegians and some of their efforts to help the Palestinians were in their eyes also for the sake of Israel. They genuinely felt that Israel would benefit by giving into the Arabs for the sake of peace.
The Oslo Agreements were a continuation of the Madrid (Spain) Negotiations of 1991. The Oslo negotiations were conducted in secret and released in 1993.
This had a a negative effect on the State of Israel.
The Jews of Judah in reclaiming the Land of Israel are serving the cause of all Israelites. By weakening the Jews in Israel one betrays all the other Israelites.
When the spies of Israel brought back a bad report about the Land of Canaan they brought a disaster on all the Israelite people. There had been 12 spies one for each Tribe. The spies representing the Tribes of Naphtali and Asher were the primary instigators of the bad report. These are the Tribes of Norway.
1 The LORD said to Moses,
2 Send some men to explore the Land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelites. From each ancestral tribe send one of its leaders.
3 So at the LORD's command Moses sent them out from the Desert of Paran. All of them were leaders of the Israelites.
4 These are their names:
from the tribe of Reuben, Shammua son of Zakkur;
5 from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat son of Hori;
6 from the tribe of Judah, Caleb son of Jephunneh;
7 from the tribe of Issachar, Igal son of Joseph;
8 from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea son of Nun;
9 from the tribe of Benjamin, Palti son of Raphu;
10 from the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel son of Sodi;
11 from the tribe of Manasseh (a tribe of Joseph), Gaddi son of Susi;
12 from the tribe of Dan, Ammiel son of Gemalli;
13 from the tribe of Asher, Sethur son of Michael;
14 from the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi son of Vophsi;
Fishel Mael ("Sefer Ha-Shevatim") quotes different Midrashim and commentaries to the effect that the spies of Asher and Naphtali were the main negative parties.
The Naphtalites of Norway were repeating the sin of Nachbi their representative amongst the spies who were against Israel entering the Land.
It should also be mentioned that nowadays Norway contains a large number of immigrants and refugees from Muslim countries. These Islamic adherents harass the local Jews and persecute them.
The Norwegian authorities do little about this and even sometimes seem to sympathize with the Muslim actions. Many Jews are now leaving Norway.
About 30% of the population of Norway harbor anti-Jewish attitudes.
Why are the Nordic countries so cold to Israel?
8. Norway and Naphtali. The Sea of Galilee
Naphtali was known for fishing. The Biblical area of Naphtali adjoined the Sea of Galilee and included the city of Tiberias. There was once a great deal of fishing here and the Lake was much larger and deeper than it now is with much more fish.
Incidentally the fishing industry is important to Norway and always has been. A plentiful supply of fish has been one of the characteristics of Norwegian domestic existence.
The Norwegians were mostly spread along the coast. They combined fishing with farming on the coast. The Tribe of Naphtali in Israel had done the same.
Petroleum is very important in the economy of Norway.
# The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). On a per-capita basis, Norway is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside of the Middle East. #
The Name NAFTALI in Hebrew Lettering also spells NaFT-Eli meaning literally "The Petroleum [NeFT] of My God!
Naftali had the status of a youth comparted to the other Tribes. This is similar to the position of Norway throughout part of its history compared to other nations of Scandinavia.
Naphtali was compared to a female deer and the Norwegians are big on feminine rights. The prophetess Deborah was a leader of Israel. She was from Naphtali.
Judges (NIV) 4:
4 Now Deborah, a prophet, the wife of Lappidoth, was leading Israel at that time. 5 She held court under the Palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim, and the Israelites went up to her to have their disputes decided. 6 She sent for Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, 'The LORD, the God of Israel, commands you: 'Go, take with you ten thousand men of Naphtali and Zebulun and lead them up to Mount Tabor. 7 I will lead Sisera, the commander of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his troops to the Kishon River and give him into your hands.''
Naphtali gave rise to the Norwegians and Zebulon to the Dutch. Historically Norway and the Netherlands have shared mutual interests and an interchange of populations.
Naphtali was known for his alacrity and th Norwegians like speed in sailing and surfing.
21 Naphtali is a doe let loose; He utters beautiful words.
The national royal animal of Norway is the lion but the national animal is the moose (elk). traditional Scandinavian nobility often used the figure of a deer. The sybmol of Naftali was a female deer but it could be interchanged for a male one. The elk is a kind of large deer. The fjord horse is also important in Norwegain symbolism.
The expression "beautiful words" (Genesis 49:21) may also be translated to mean "matters of improvement," indicating progress. Naphtali was known for intermediating with others and placating them.
The name Naftali also connotes union since it comes from the word "Naftal" connoting twist around. A wrestler twists around his opponent in struggle but he also is unified with him.
Genesies (NIV) 30:
7 Rachel's servant Bilhah conceived again and bore Jacob a second son. 8 Then Rachel said, 'I have had a great struggle with my sister, and I have won.' So she named him Naphtali.
Naphtali may help initiate the final reconciliation between Judah and Joseph.
We identify Norway with the Tribe of Naphtali though elements from other Tribes, such as the Tribe of Asher, were also present.
Midrash BaMidbar Rabah 2:7 says that the sacred stone of Naftali was the "Achlamah" and it had pinkish-type of color.
Other authorities make different identifications, Rabeinu Bachai for instance, says the Sacred Stone of Naftali on the breast-Plate of the High Priest was the "shebo"- the stone of horse-riders.
Fishel Mael ("Sefer Ha-Shevatim" - "Book of the Tribes") notes that in lists of the Tribes Naftali is placed last.
Rabbi Tsadok haKohen ("Likut Ma-amarim" 164) says that Naftali binds the Tribes together. "Naftali gives supreme expression to the Principle of Unification." Abarbanel says Naftali is a faithful emissary.
Rabbi Shimshon Rafael Hirsch says Naftali is distinguished by an inner harmony of character.
Naphtali was known for his speed, alacrity, his gift of reconciling and peace-making with other Tribes, and his unification abilities.
Norwegians, like all Scandinavians, are open to the notion that some of the ancestors came from the Ancient Middle East. Regarding a specific Israelite identity they are sometimes reserved.
A correspondent of ours "Eric" (Tubalcain) has pointed out that the god "Thor" originated in ancient Armenia and this was one of the areas the Ten Tribes had been exiled to.
Thor Heyerdahl (1914 - 2002) was a Norwegian adventurer and ethnographer with a background in zoology, botany and geography, and in archaeology. In later years (1981, 1994, 1999 and 2000) Heyerdahl made four visits to Azerbaijan southwest of the Caspian Sea neighboring Armenia. On the basis of archaeological findings such as carvings of ships, etc, he became convince that from that region in ancient times there had been migratory movements to Scandinavia. This was the area to which the Ten Tribes had previous been exiled.
# Based on this and other published documentation, Heyerdahl proposed that Azerbaijan was the site of an ancient advanced civilisation. He believed that natives migrated north through waterways to present-day Scandinavia using ingeniously constructed vessels made of skins that could be folded like cloth. When voyagers travelled upstream, they conveniently folded their skin boats and transported them on pack animals. #
Most Norwegian are basically sympathetic towards the Jews but anti-Jewish elements also exist. Throughout Scandinavia one still finds strong traces of Old-Time "Nordic" racialism. This existed lone before the Nazis. It basically says that long-headed, tall, blondish, white people with Scandinavian features belong to a "Nordic" race and are not like Jews at all.
A quick glance around the Internet found Norwegians described by themselves and others along the following lines:
Obsession with equality. If somebody is rich or successful (except in sports or music) it is regarded as an offence, and s/he is expected to behave and have the self esteem like everyone else. Failure to comply with this causes envy.
Norwegians are nice and quite open people and remember that they where famous for the Norwegian Vikings so they must have quite and explorer in their tummy.
Entrepreneurs are despised as a result of the typical egalitarian Norwegian views, where nobody should think they could be better than anybody else.
Becoming friends with a Norwegian is no easy feat for a lot of folks. However, once you have a Norwegian friend, you have one of the most loyal and sincere people in your life. This is obviously a generalization, but I have found it is pretty accurate.
Norwegians love to ski and this fits the aptitude of Naftali for speed and alacrity.
The exaggerated egalitarian inclinations of Norwegians accord with the ability of Naftali to reconcile the differences between the different Tribes.
The national animal of Norway is a lion.