Extracts from Wikipedia
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Nordic Israelism or Norse Israelism is the belief that Scandinavian peoples, or the Nordic countries (Sweden, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Norway) descend from the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. Nordic Israelism as a movement and ideology only emerged in the latter half of the 19th century among several early proponents of British Israelism.
A 15th-century Latin chronicle, "Chronicon Holsatiae vetus", found in Gottfried Leibniz's Accessiones historicae (1698), states the Danes were of the Tribe of Dan, while the Jutes the Jews. Later the antiquarian Henry Spelman in 1620 had further claimed that the Danes were the Israelite Tribe of Dan... In the 18th century the Swedish historian Olof von Dalin believed that the ancient Finns (alongside Lapps and Estonians) who sprung from the Neuri descended ultimately from the lost tribes of Israel:
...the Neuri seem to be remnants of the Ten Tribes of Israel which Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, brought as captives out of Canaan... [When one realises that] the language of the ancient Finns, Lapps and Estonians is similar to the Hebrew and even that this people in ancient times reckoned their year's beginning from the first of March, and Saturday as their Sabbath, then one sees that the Neuri in all probability had this origin."
John Eurenius (1688-1751), a Swedish pastor in Torsaker, Angermanland, Sweden, also connected the Israelites to the Nordic countries, in his Atlantica Orientalis (1751) he theorised that the Gods of Norse mythology were deified ancestors from the Levant, who he connected to Israel. Olof Rudbeck the Younger in the 18th century also attempted to prove that the Nordic languages sprung from Hebrew.
Nordic Israelism as an established movement emerged as an offshoot of British Israelism in the 1850s. Key British Israelite authors such as John Cox Gawler and J. H. Allen first identified the Tribe of Dan with Denmark and others with different Scandinavian countries (e.g. Naphtali with Norway), while the remaining tribes they equated with Britain.
Anna Larssen Bjorner (1875-1955) and Sigurd Bjorner (1875-1953), the founders of Danish Pentecostalism and the "Apostolic Church" in Denmark are considered to have been early pioneers in the Nordic-Israelism movement. They published from the 1920s a quarterly magazine entitled Evangeliebladet which covered identifications of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel with Denmark, other Scandinavian countries and published some British Israelism literature. They also published regular articles from other proponents of the Nordic Israel identity, including those of Ole Jorgen Johnsen, a Norwegian preacher from Hasla who authored Israel i de siste dage ("Israel in the Last Days") in 1924.
The renowned engineer Albert Hiorth was a prominent Nordic Israelism proponent and author of the early 20th century.
Proponents of Nordic Israelism follow John Cox Gawler's identification of the Tribe of Dan with Denmark. However Gawler also placed Dan in Scotland and Ireland, an identification British Israelites follow, but proponents of Nordic Israelism stress more on the identification with Denmark.
Finland is identified with the Tribe of Issachar by Nordic Israelites. Proponents point out that in Finnish the word for Father is Isa, connecting the word to Issachar and its Hebrew etymology:
...But one of the most convincing details comes from the Finnish word for Father, which is, Isa - almost confirming ancient Finnish ties with the Israelite tribe of Issachar. Only Finnish has such a unique word for Father.
Nordisk Israel identify the Tribe of Naphtali with Norway.
The pyramidologist Adam Rutherford in 1937 published Iceland's Great Inheritance (1937) in which he connected the Tribe of Benjamin to Iceland. Modern proponents of Nordic Israelism follow this identification and articles have been published further on the identification.
Thor Heyerdahl's Jakten pa Odin
Thor Heyerdahl's Jakten pa Odin is often cited by modern Nordic Israelites to support their theories.