Joseph and Who Built the Pyramids?
Herman L. Hoeh (1928-2004) is described as an evangelist-ranked minister of the Worldwide Church of God. He lectured on the Bible and History at Ambassador College which was an educational institution of the WCG (Worldwide Church of God), see Parallels. The WCG had been founded by Herbert W. Armstong. Many of those prominent in the WCG and in its sub-groups had once been students at Ambassador College and held Dr. Hoeh in reverence.
Herman L. Hoeh (1928-2004).
TUJUNGA, Calif.--Herman L. Hoeh, 75, an evangelist-ranked minister of the Worldwide Church of God and a pioneer Ambassador College student, died unexpectedly at his home in Tujunga Nov. 21st, 2004.
He was a member of the board of directors of the church at the time of his death and had served on the boards of the college and Ambassador Foundation before his retirement in 1996.
He wrote for and edited church publications, including the WCG's flagship magazine, The Plain Truth. He was also known for his two-volume Compendium of World History, first published in 1963 as the dissertation for his Ph.D., which he earned at AC.
Dr. Hoeh was widely respected in the WCG as well as in its many splits. He was considered by many to be an intelligent and lovable eccentric, as at home tending goats on his property as he had been teaching classes and writing articles back in the glory days of the Radio/Worldwide Church of God.
We had sent Dr. Hoed a copy of "The Tribes" about 6 months after it was published. he rang us up in Israel and congratulated us. He also recommended to several of his students that they purchase the work.
This is the first in a series of articles consisting of, or based on, extracts from the writings of Dr. Hoeh.
Who Built The Great Pyramid? by Herman L. Hoeh
The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 1, page 281, declares of the Great Pyramid: "... its perfect building compels our admiration; its alignment [with the points of the compass] is mathematically correct; often one cannot insert a penknife between the joints of the stone."
"The Great Pyramid is so incredibly precise that compass errors can be checked against it," writes Leonard Cottrell in his recent book The Mountains of Pharaoh.
The Egyptians like to boast about their pyramids. Yet the greatest pyramid of all, they admit was not built by an Egyptian! And they admit that all their later copies of the Great Pyramid are quite inferior to the first one built by Khufu. The Egyptian historian Manetho, who lived in the third century before Christ, wrote that Khufu "was of a DIFFERENT RACE" from the Egyptians (Wathen's Arts and Antiquities of Egypt, p. 54).
Herodotus, the famous Greek historian of the 5th century before Christ, states that the builders of the Great Pyramid were SHEPHERDS (Euterpe -128). But the Egyptians were not shepherds! Notice Genesis 46:31-34: "And Joseph said unto his brethren... I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father's house... are come unto me; and the men are shepherds... And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle... FOR EVERY SHEPHERD IS AN ABOMINATION UNTO THE EGYPTIANS."
The Egyptians were not shepherds. They employed others to tend their cattle. Yet Khufu, or Cheops, the builder of the Great Pyramid, was a shepherd!
Josephus, the Jewish historian, wrote that the Egyptians set the Israelites "to build pyramids" (Antiquities of the Jews, bk. II, ch. ix, 1). But the pyramids which the Israelites built during their enslavement were hastily constructed, inferior duplicates of the first mighty Pyramid of Khufu or Cheops. Who was Cheops the shepherd who built the first Pyramid before the enslavement of the Israelites?
The facts of history are that Cheops (1726-1663 B.C.) was a young contemporary of King Zoser of Egypt. Zoser (1737-1718 B.C.) built the "step pyramid" shortly before Cheops built the Great Pyramid (Budge, A History of Egypt, vol. II, p. 9).
Now the surprise of history is that king Zoser ruled part of Lower Egypt at the same time Joseph was Prime Minister under Pharaoh Amenemhet III,king of Upper Egypt. Ancient Egypt, remember, was a confederation of small city states. Amenemhet III (1741-1692 B.C.) was king of Upper Egypt and Pharaoh of all Egypt. But under him were lesser kings, among whom was Zoser. Cheops was a foreign King whose domain extended into the Delta of Egypt.
A noted man who helped Cheops in building the Pyramid was named Souf. He was "chief of the works of Khufu" (Rawlinson's Egypt, ch. 14). This man has been an enigma to the historians (see Maspero's Dawn of Civilization, pp. 363-364). Elsewhere he is called "Saf-hotep," meaning "Saf the servant." He was apparently one of 12 brothers who built the Labyrinth - the "Pentagon" of Ancient Egypt for Amenemhet III (Wathen's Antiquities, p. 142). Certainly there is no doubt who "Souf" was! He could be none other than Joseph!
... Cheops has another name, Saaru of Shaaru (Petrie's History of Egypt, vol. I, p. 37). Saaru is another name "for the inhabitants of Mt. Seir" (Rawlinson's History of Egypt, ch. 22). Khufu, then, was a foreign King whose domain extended from Mt. Seir to Lower Egypt during and after the time of Joseph. Petra is in Mount Seir... the domain of Cheops, both in Egypt and in Mt. Seir.