Tribal Report no.60. Canada and Denmark
1. The Canadian Refusal to Accept Jews During the Holocaust.
None Is Too Many:
A Cause For Canadians To Repent
This is a brief summary of NONE IS TOO MANY -- by IRVING ABELLA & HAROLD TROPER
Published by Lester & Dennys, Toronto
Â Summary by Laureen Moe
1935 In 1935 Frederick Charles Blair was director of the Immigration Branch of the Department of Mines and Resources. He was entrusted with the task of upholding the restrictions on immigration. Blair made policy and implemented it. Blair made all decisions about who got into Canada. He was Anti-Semitic and a Christian. He was born in Carlisle Ontario in 1874 to Scottish parents.
.... He was later inordinately proud of his success in keeping out Jews. He saw Jews as being "utterly selfish in their attempts to force through a permit for the admission of relatives or friends." He saw a "conspiracy" behind all Jewish attempts to get their people into the country. He said he was doing them a favor keeping them out. It might create Anti-Semitism he said.... Mackenzie King was the Liberal Prime Minister throughout the 20's and after 1935, He was responsible for keeping Jews out of Canada...Â Jewish organizations had little money to help in the early thirties and little power.
Almost every French-language newspaper had warned the government against opening Canada's doors to European Jews.
Mackenzie King himself after Evian said that "as far as he was concerned the admission of refugees perhaps posed a greater menace to Canada in 1938 than did Hitler." At an informal gathering at his summer residence he fondly recalled his meeting with Hitler in Germany a year earlier. He described him as being SWEET.He had a good face.
Even the famous "voyage of the dammed" received no mercy in Canada. This ship loaded with 907 Jews from Hamburg was on its way to Cuba but Cuba refused it. The U.S. and Canada refused them and Canada even sent out a "gun boat" to shadow them.
Charlotte Witton had not wanted Jewish children to be brought into Canada. She wanted British children brought in and fought the Jewish community on this issue. In 1945 Britain had asked that 9000 refugee children be taken in but MacKenzie King had immediately rejected the idea. Yet they could accept 10,000 British children. Canada told Georges Vanier the Ambassador to France that they would take French children and pay their way. All the time Jewish officials were told to be silent so as not to cause problems.
HERE IS AN ACCOUNTING OF CANADA'S RECORD DURING THE 12 YEARS OF THE NAZI REGIME.
Country Number of Jewish refugees brought in:
United States 200,000
Bolivia and Chile 14,000
2. Danish colonial empire
In various forms, Denmark has had colonial possessions beginning in the 13th century, when it obtained possessions in Estonia. In 1536, Denmark entered into a personal union with Norway, and the new entity of Denmark-Norway took possession of the Norwegian holdings of Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland. Orkney and Shetland, then held by Scotland, had originally been ruled by Norway until the 15th century, and several later attempts were made to retake them.
In the 17th century, following territorial losses on the Scandinavian Peninsula, Denmark-Norway began to develop colonies, forts, and trading posts in Africa, the Caribbean, and India. After 1814, when Norway was granted to Sweden following the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark retained the colonial holdings.
Today, the only remaining vestiges of this empire are the Faroe Islands and Greenland; the Faroes were a Danish county until 1948, while Greenland's colonial status ceased in 1953. They are now autonomous countries of the Kingdom of Denmark with home rule, in a relationship referred to as the "Danish Realm.
3. 1000 Danish Surnames
The top 20 surnames were: